Measures of acculturation are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity in older Chinese Americans in New York City

Sally S. Wong, L. Beth Dixon, Judith Gilbride, Tak W. Kwan, Richard A. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and affects Chinese Americans disproportionately compared to other ethnic groups in the American population. Studies of immigrant populations have shown that risk factors for CVD, including diet and physical activity, differ by acculturation. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether two measures of acculturation (region of birthplace, length of residence in the U.S.) were associated with CVD risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity of 125 older Chinese Americans who participated in health fairs conducted in NYC. In this study, mean waist circumference differed significantly by birthplace. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. Mean intake of vitamin B6, folate and calcium differed significantly by birthplace: Chinese Americans from Hong Kong had the highest mean vitamin B6 intake whereas older Chinese Americans from Northern China had the highest folate and calcium intakes. Mean intake of riboflavin differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. with Chinese Americans adults who lived in the U.S. less than 10 years having the highest mean intake. Mean dairy intake of Chinese Americans differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from northern China having the highest mean dairy intake. Vigorous-intensity physical activity differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from Hong Kong reporting the most daily minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study suggests that acculturation may be associated with the cardiovascular health of older Chinese Americans living in NYC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-568
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Asian Americans
Cardiovascular Diseases
Exercise
Vitamin B 6
Hong Kong
Folic Acid
China
Health Fairs
Blood Pressure
Calcium
Riboflavin
Waist Circumference
Ethnic Groups
Population
Cause of Death
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Health

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Dietary intake
  • Older Chinese Americans
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Measures of acculturation are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity in older Chinese Americans in New York City. / Wong, Sally S.; Dixon, L. Beth; Gilbride, Judith; Kwan, Tak W.; Stein, Richard A.

In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 15, No. 3, 06.2013, p. 560-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b8fb369266b74f27b3783156df602594,
title = "Measures of acculturation are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity in older Chinese Americans in New York City",
abstract = "Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and affects Chinese Americans disproportionately compared to other ethnic groups in the American population. Studies of immigrant populations have shown that risk factors for CVD, including diet and physical activity, differ by acculturation. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether two measures of acculturation (region of birthplace, length of residence in the U.S.) were associated with CVD risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity of 125 older Chinese Americans who participated in health fairs conducted in NYC. In this study, mean waist circumference differed significantly by birthplace. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. Mean intake of vitamin B6, folate and calcium differed significantly by birthplace: Chinese Americans from Hong Kong had the highest mean vitamin B6 intake whereas older Chinese Americans from Northern China had the highest folate and calcium intakes. Mean intake of riboflavin differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. with Chinese Americans adults who lived in the U.S. less than 10 years having the highest mean intake. Mean dairy intake of Chinese Americans differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from northern China having the highest mean dairy intake. Vigorous-intensity physical activity differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from Hong Kong reporting the most daily minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study suggests that acculturation may be associated with the cardiovascular health of older Chinese Americans living in NYC.",
keywords = "Acculturation, Cardiovascular disease, Dietary intake, Older Chinese Americans, Physical activity",
author = "Wong, {Sally S.} and Dixon, {L. Beth} and Judith Gilbride and Kwan, {Tak W.} and Stein, {Richard A.}",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10903-012-9669-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "560--568",
journal = "Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health",
issn = "1557-1912",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measures of acculturation are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity in older Chinese Americans in New York City

AU - Wong, Sally S.

AU - Dixon, L. Beth

AU - Gilbride, Judith

AU - Kwan, Tak W.

AU - Stein, Richard A.

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and affects Chinese Americans disproportionately compared to other ethnic groups in the American population. Studies of immigrant populations have shown that risk factors for CVD, including diet and physical activity, differ by acculturation. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether two measures of acculturation (region of birthplace, length of residence in the U.S.) were associated with CVD risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity of 125 older Chinese Americans who participated in health fairs conducted in NYC. In this study, mean waist circumference differed significantly by birthplace. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. Mean intake of vitamin B6, folate and calcium differed significantly by birthplace: Chinese Americans from Hong Kong had the highest mean vitamin B6 intake whereas older Chinese Americans from Northern China had the highest folate and calcium intakes. Mean intake of riboflavin differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. with Chinese Americans adults who lived in the U.S. less than 10 years having the highest mean intake. Mean dairy intake of Chinese Americans differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from northern China having the highest mean dairy intake. Vigorous-intensity physical activity differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from Hong Kong reporting the most daily minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study suggests that acculturation may be associated with the cardiovascular health of older Chinese Americans living in NYC.

AB - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and affects Chinese Americans disproportionately compared to other ethnic groups in the American population. Studies of immigrant populations have shown that risk factors for CVD, including diet and physical activity, differ by acculturation. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether two measures of acculturation (region of birthplace, length of residence in the U.S.) were associated with CVD risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity of 125 older Chinese Americans who participated in health fairs conducted in NYC. In this study, mean waist circumference differed significantly by birthplace. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. Mean intake of vitamin B6, folate and calcium differed significantly by birthplace: Chinese Americans from Hong Kong had the highest mean vitamin B6 intake whereas older Chinese Americans from Northern China had the highest folate and calcium intakes. Mean intake of riboflavin differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. with Chinese Americans adults who lived in the U.S. less than 10 years having the highest mean intake. Mean dairy intake of Chinese Americans differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from northern China having the highest mean dairy intake. Vigorous-intensity physical activity differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from Hong Kong reporting the most daily minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study suggests that acculturation may be associated with the cardiovascular health of older Chinese Americans living in NYC.

KW - Acculturation

KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Dietary intake

KW - Older Chinese Americans

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883135178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883135178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10903-012-9669-4

DO - 10.1007/s10903-012-9669-4

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 560

EP - 568

JO - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

JF - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

SN - 1557-1912

IS - 3

ER -