Measurements and kernels for source-structure inversions in noise tomography

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seismic noise cross-correlations are used to image crustal structure and heterogeneity. Typically, seismic networks are anisotropically illuminated by seismic noise, a consequence of the non-uniformdistribution of sources.Here,we study the sensitivity of such a seismic network to structural heterogeneity in a 2-D setting.We compute finite-frequency cross-correlation sensitivity kernels for traveltime, waveform-energy and waveform-difference measurements. In line with expectation, wave speed anomalies are best imaged using traveltimes and the source distribution using cross-correlation energies. Perturbations in attenuation and impedance are very difficult to image and reliable inferences require a high degree of certainty in the knowledge of the source distribution and wave speed model (at least in the case of transmission tomography studied here). We perform single-step Gauss-Newton inversions for the source distribution and the wave speed, in that order, and quantify the associated Cramér-Rao lower bound. The inversion and uncertainty estimate are robust to errors in the source model but are sensitive to the theory used to interpret of measurements. We find that when classical source-receiver kernels are used instead of cross-correlation kernels, errors appear in the both the inversion and uncertainty estimate, systematically biasing the results.We outline a computationally tractable algorithm to account for distant sources when performing inversions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)971-985
Number of pages15
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume196
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

tomography
Tomography
inversions
seismic noise
cross correlation
crustal structure
waveforms
energy
perturbation
anomaly
sensitivity
estimates
inversion
inference
newton
receivers
distribution
speed
attenuation
impedance

Keywords

  • Theoretical seismology
  • Wave propagation
  • Wave scattering and diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Measurements and kernels for source-structure inversions in noise tomography. / Hanasoge, Shravan.

In: Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 196, No. 2, 01.01.2013, p. 971-985.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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