Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, T. Abu-Zayyad, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, K. Andeen, Auffenberg.J., X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, R. Bay, J. L. Bazo Alba, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. K. Becker, K. H. Becker, Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. BenZvi & 239 others J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Bradley, J. Braun, S. Buitink, M. Carson, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, J. Clem, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, C. Colnard, D. F. Cowen, M. V. D'Agostino, M. Danninger, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, L. Demirörs, O. Depaepe, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. DeYoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dierckxsens, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. R. Duvoort, R. Ehrlich, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, M. M. Foerster, B. D. Fox, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, M. Geisler, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Grant, T. Griesel, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Han, K. Hanson, K. Helbing, P. Herquet, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, D. Hubert, W. Huelsnitz, J. P. Hülß, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, H. Johansson, J. M. Joseph, K. H. Kampert, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. L. Kelley, N. Kemming, P. Kenny, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, S. R. Klein, S. Knops, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, T. Kowarik, M. Krasberg, T. Krings, G. Kroll, K. Kuehn, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, S. Lafebre, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, R. Lauer, R. Lehmann, D. Lennarz, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, P. Majumdar, A. Marotta, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, M. Matusik, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészáros, T. Meures, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, J. W. Nam, U. Naumann, P. Nießen, D. R. Nygren, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, M. Ono, S. Panknin, L. Paul, C. Pérez de los Heros, J. Petrovic, A. Piegsa, D. Pieloth, R. Porrata, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, M. Prikockis, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, A. Rizzo, J. P. Rodrigues, P. Roth, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, C. Roucelle, T. Ruhe, D. Rutledge, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, S. Schlenstedt, T. Schmidt, A. Schukraft, A. Schultes, O. Schulz, M. Schunck, D. Seckel, B. Semburg, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, A. Silvestri, A. Slipak, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, G. Stephens, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, S. Stoyanov, E. A. Strahler, T. Straszheim, G. W. Sullivan, Q. Swillens, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, O. Tarasova, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, D. Turčan, N. Van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Voge, B. Voigt, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, G. Wikström, D. R. Williams, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, X. W. Xu, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We report the first observation of an anisotropy in the arrival direction of cosmic rays with energies in the multi-TeV region in theSouthern sky using data from the IceCube detector. Between 2007 June and 2008 March, the partially deployed IceCube detector was operated in a configuration with 1320 digital optical sensors distributed over22 strings at depths between 1450 and 2450 m inside the Antarctic ice. IceCube is a neutrino detector, but the data are dominated by a large background of cosmic-ray muons. Therefore, the background data aresuitable for high-statistics studies of cosmic rays in the southern sky. The data include 4.3 billion muons produced by downward-going cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere; these events were reconstructed with a median angular resolution of 3° and a median energy of ∼20 TeV. Their arrival direction distribution exhibits an anisotropy in right ascension with a first-harmonic amplitude of (6.4±0.2 stat.±0.8 syst.) × 10-4.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
    Volume718
    Issue number2 PART 2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

    Fingerprint

    cosmic ray
    arrivals
    cosmic rays
    anisotropy
    muons
    detectors
    Southern sky
    optical measuring instruments
    angular resolution
    energy
    sky
    ice
    strings
    neutrinos
    statistics
    sensor
    harmonics
    atmospheres
    atmosphere
    configurations

    Keywords

    • Cosmic rays-neutrinos

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Abu-Zayyad, T., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., ... Zarzhitsky, P. (2010). Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 718(2 PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194

    Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg.J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K. H.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; BenZvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bradley, L.; Braun, J.; Buitink, S.; Carson, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clem, J.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Colnard, C.; Cowen, D. F.; D'Agostino, M. V.; Danninger, M.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Demirörs, L.; Depaepe, O.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; DeYoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dierckxsens, M.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Duvoort, M. R.; Ehrlich, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Foerster, M. M.; Fox, B. D.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Geisler, M.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Grant, D.; Griesel, T.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Han, K.; Hanson, K.; Helbing, K.; Herquet, P.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Hubert, D.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hülß, J. P.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Johansson, H.; Joseph, J. M.; Kampert, K. H.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kemming, N.; Kenny, P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Klein, S. R.; Knops, S.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Kowarik, T.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, T.; Kroll, G.; Kuehn, K.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Lafebre, S.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Lauer, R.; Lehmann, R.; Lennarz, D.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Majumdar, P.; Marotta, A.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; Matusik, M.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nam, J. W.; Naumann, U.; Nießen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Ono, M.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Petrovic, J.; Piegsa, A.; Pieloth, D.; Porrata, R.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Prikockis, M.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Roth, P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Roucelle, C.; Ruhe, T.; Rutledge, D.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Schlenstedt, S.; Schmidt, T.; Schukraft, A.; Schultes, A.; Schulz, O.; Schunck, M.; Seckel, D.; Semburg, B.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Silvestri, A.; Slipak, A.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stephens, G.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stoyanov, S.; Strahler, E. A.; Straszheim, T.; Sullivan, G. W.; Swillens, Q.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tarasova, O.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Turčan, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Voge, M.; Voigt, B.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wikström, G.; Williams, D. R.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, X. W.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.

    In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 718, No. 2 PART 2, 01.08.2010.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Abu-Zayyad, T, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Andeen, K, Auffenberg.J., Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Bay, R, Bazo Alba, JL, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker, JK, Becker, KH, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, BenZvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bradley, L, Braun, J, Buitink, S, Carson, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clem, J, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Colnard, C, Cowen, DF, D'Agostino, MV, Danninger, M, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Demirörs, L, Depaepe, O, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, DeYoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dierckxsens, M, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Duvoort, MR, Ehrlich, R, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Foerster, MM, Fox, BD, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Geisler, M, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Grant, D, Griesel, T, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Han, K, Hanson, K, Helbing, K, Herquet, P, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Hubert, D, Huelsnitz, W, Hülß, JP, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Johansson, H, Joseph, JM, Kampert, KH, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kelley, JL, Kemming, N, Kenny, P, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Klein, SR, Knops, S, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Kowarik, T, Krasberg, M, Krings, T, Kroll, G, Kuehn, K, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Lafebre, S, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Lauer, R, Lehmann, R, Lennarz, D, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Majumdar, P, Marotta, A, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, Matusik, M, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészáros, P, Meures, T, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Nam, JW, Naumann, U, Nießen, P, Nygren, DR, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Ono, M, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pérez de los Heros, C, Petrovic, J, Piegsa, A, Pieloth, D, Porrata, R, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Prikockis, M, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Rizzo, A, Rodrigues, JP, Roth, P, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Roucelle, C, Ruhe, T, Rutledge, D, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Schlenstedt, S, Schmidt, T, Schukraft, A, Schultes, A, Schulz, O, Schunck, M, Seckel, D, Semburg, B, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Silvestri, A, Slipak, A, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stephens, G, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stoyanov, S, Strahler, EA, Straszheim, T, Sullivan, GW, Swillens, Q, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tarasova, O, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Turčan, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Voge, M, Voigt, B, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wikström, G, Williams, DR, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, XW, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S & Zarzhitsky, P 2010, 'Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 718, no. 2 PART 2. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194
    Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Abu-Zayyad T, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M et al. Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2010 Aug 1;718(2 PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194
    Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Abu-Zayyad, T. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg.J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Bay, R. ; Bazo Alba, J. L. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker, J. K. ; Becker, K. H. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; BenZvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bradley, L. ; Braun, J. ; Buitink, S. ; Carson, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clem, J. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Colnard, C. ; Cowen, D. F. ; D'Agostino, M. V. ; Danninger, M. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Demirörs, L. ; Depaepe, O. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; DeYoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dierckxsens, M. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Duvoort, M. R. ; Ehrlich, R. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Foerster, M. M. ; Fox, B. D. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Geisler, M. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Grant, D. ; Griesel, T. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Han, K. ; Hanson, K. ; Helbing, K. ; Herquet, P. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Hubert, D. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hülß, J. P. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Johansson, H. ; Joseph, J. M. ; Kampert, K. H. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kemming, N. ; Kenny, P. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Klein, S. R. ; Knops, S. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kowarik, T. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, T. ; Kroll, G. ; Kuehn, K. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Lafebre, S. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Lauer, R. ; Lehmann, R. ; Lennarz, D. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Majumdar, P. ; Marotta, A. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; Matusik, M. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészáros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Nam, J. W. ; Naumann, U. ; Nießen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Ono, M. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pérez de los Heros, C. ; Petrovic, J. ; Piegsa, A. ; Pieloth, D. ; Porrata, R. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Prikockis, M. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Rizzo, A. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Roth, P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Roucelle, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Rutledge, D. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Schlenstedt, S. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schultes, A. ; Schulz, O. ; Schunck, M. ; Seckel, D. ; Semburg, B. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Silvestri, A. ; Slipak, A. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stephens, G. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stoyanov, S. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Straszheim, T. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Swillens, Q. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tarasova, O. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Turčan, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Voge, M. ; Voigt, B. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wikström, G. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. / Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 718, No. 2 PART 2.
    @article{2171adaab3d8451abfbd6b5b37beb5cb,
    title = "Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube",
    abstract = "We report the first observation of an anisotropy in the arrival direction of cosmic rays with energies in the multi-TeV region in theSouthern sky using data from the IceCube detector. Between 2007 June and 2008 March, the partially deployed IceCube detector was operated in a configuration with 1320 digital optical sensors distributed over22 strings at depths between 1450 and 2450 m inside the Antarctic ice. IceCube is a neutrino detector, but the data are dominated by a large background of cosmic-ray muons. Therefore, the background data aresuitable for high-statistics studies of cosmic rays in the southern sky. The data include 4.3 billion muons produced by downward-going cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere; these events were reconstructed with a median angular resolution of 3° and a median energy of ∼20 TeV. Their arrival direction distribution exhibits an anisotropy in right ascension with a first-harmonic amplitude of (6.4±0.2 stat.±0.8 syst.) × 10-4.",
    keywords = "Cosmic rays-neutrinos",
    author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and T. Abu-Zayyad and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and K. Andeen and Auffenberg.J. and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and R. Bay and {Bazo Alba}, {J. L.} and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and Becker, {J. K.} and Becker, {K. H.} and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. BenZvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Bradley and J. Braun and S. Buitink and M. Carson and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and J. Clem and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and C. Colnard and Cowen, {D. F.} and D'Agostino, {M. V.} and M. Danninger and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and L. Demir{\"o}rs and O. Depaepe and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. DeYoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dierckxsens and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and Duvoort, {M. R.} and R. Ehrlich and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and Foerster, {M. M.} and Fox, {B. D.} and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and M. Geisler and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. Grant and T. Griesel and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Han and K. Hanson and K. Helbing and P. Herquet and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and D. Hubert and W. Huelsnitz and H{\"u}l{\ss}, {J. P.} and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and H. Johansson and Joseph, {J. M.} and Kampert, {K. H.} and T. Karg and A. Karle and Kelley, {J. L.} and N. Kemming and P. Kenny and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and Klein, {S. R.} and S. Knops and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and T. Kowarik and M. Krasberg and T. Krings and G. Kroll and K. Kuehn and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and S. Lafebre and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and R. Lauer and R. Lehmann and D. Lennarz and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and P. Majumdar and A. Marotta and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and M. Matusik and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and T. Meures and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and Nam, {J. W.} and U. Naumann and P. Nie{\ss}en and Nygren, {D. R.} and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and M. Ono and S. Panknin and L. Paul and {P{\'e}rez de los Heros}, C. and J. Petrovic and A. Piegsa and D. Pieloth and R. Porrata and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and M. Prikockis and Przybylski, {G. T.} and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and A. Rizzo and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and P. Roth and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and C. Roucelle and T. Ruhe and D. Rutledge and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and S. Schlenstedt and T. Schmidt and A. Schukraft and A. Schultes and O. Schulz and M. Schunck and D. Seckel and B. Semburg and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and A. Silvestri and A. Slipak and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and G. Stephens and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and S. Stoyanov and Strahler, {E. A.} and T. Straszheim and Sullivan, {G. W.} and Q. Swillens and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and O. Tarasova and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and D. Turčan and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Voge and B. Voigt and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and G. Wikstr{\"o}m and Williams, {D. R.} and R. Wischnewski and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {X. W.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky",
    year = "2010",
    month = "8",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "718",
    journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
    issn = "2041-8205",
    publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
    number = "2 PART 2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Measurement of the anisotropy of cosmic-ray arrival directions with icecube

    AU - Abbasi, R.

    AU - Abdou, Y.

    AU - Abu-Zayyad, T.

    AU - Adams, J.

    AU - Aguilar, J. A.

    AU - Ahlers, M.

    AU - Andeen, K.

    AU - Auffenberg.J.,

    AU - Bai, X.

    AU - Baker, M.

    AU - Barwick, S. W.

    AU - Bay, R.

    AU - Bazo Alba, J. L.

    AU - Beattie, K.

    AU - Beatty, J. J.

    AU - Bechet, S.

    AU - Becker, J. K.

    AU - Becker, K. H.

    AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

    AU - BenZvi, S.

    AU - Berdermann, J.

    AU - Berghaus, P.

    AU - Berley, D.

    AU - Bernardini, E.

    AU - Bertrand, D.

    AU - Besson, D. Z.

    AU - Bissok, M.

    AU - Blaufuss, E.

    AU - Boersma, D. J.

    AU - Bohm, C.

    AU - Böser, S.

    AU - Botner, O.

    AU - Bradley, L.

    AU - Braun, J.

    AU - Buitink, S.

    AU - Carson, M.

    AU - Chirkin, D.

    AU - Christy, B.

    AU - Clem, J.

    AU - Clevermann, F.

    AU - Cohen, S.

    AU - Colnard, C.

    AU - Cowen, D. F.

    AU - D'Agostino, M. V.

    AU - Danninger, M.

    AU - Davis, J. C.

    AU - De Clercq, C.

    AU - Demirörs, L.

    AU - Depaepe, O.

    AU - Descamps, F.

    AU - Desiati, P.

    AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

    AU - DeYoung, T.

    AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

    AU - Dierckxsens, M.

    AU - Dreyer, J.

    AU - Dumm, J. P.

    AU - Duvoort, M. R.

    AU - Ehrlich, R.

    AU - Eisch, J.

    AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

    AU - Engdegård, O.

    AU - Euler, S.

    AU - Evenson, P. A.

    AU - Fadiran, O.

    AU - Fazely, A. R.

    AU - Feusels, T.

    AU - Filimonov, K.

    AU - Finley, C.

    AU - Foerster, M. M.

    AU - Fox, B. D.

    AU - Franckowiak, A.

    AU - Franke, R.

    AU - Gaisser, T. K.

    AU - Gallagher, J.

    AU - Geisler, M.

    AU - Gerhardt, L.

    AU - Gladstone, L.

    AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

    AU - Goldschmidt, A.

    AU - Goodman, J. A.

    AU - Grant, D.

    AU - Griesel, T.

    AU - Groß, A.

    AU - Grullon, S.

    AU - Gurtner, M.

    AU - Ha, C.

    AU - Hallgren, A.

    AU - Halzen, F.

    AU - Han, K.

    AU - Hanson, K.

    AU - Helbing, K.

    AU - Herquet, P.

    AU - Hickford, S.

    AU - Hill, G. C.

    AU - Hoffman, K. D.

    AU - Homeier, A.

    AU - Hoshina, K.

    AU - Hubert, D.

    AU - Huelsnitz, W.

    AU - Hülß, J. P.

    AU - Hulth, P. O.

    AU - Hultqvist, K.

    AU - Hussain, S.

    AU - Ishihara, A.

    AU - Jacobsen, J.

    AU - Japaridze, G. S.

    AU - Johansson, H.

    AU - Joseph, J. M.

    AU - Kampert, K. H.

    AU - Karg, T.

    AU - Karle, A.

    AU - Kelley, J. L.

    AU - Kemming, N.

    AU - Kenny, P.

    AU - Kiryluk, J.

    AU - Kislat, F.

    AU - Klein, S. R.

    AU - Knops, S.

    AU - Köhne, J. H.

    AU - Kohnen, G.

    AU - Kolanoski, H.

    AU - Köpke, L.

    AU - Koskinen, D. J.

    AU - Kowalski, M.

    AU - Kowarik, T.

    AU - Krasberg, M.

    AU - Krings, T.

    AU - Kroll, G.

    AU - Kuehn, K.

    AU - Kuwabara, T.

    AU - Labare, M.

    AU - Lafebre, S.

    AU - Laihem, K.

    AU - Landsman, H.

    AU - Lauer, R.

    AU - Lehmann, R.

    AU - Lennarz, D.

    AU - Lünemann, J.

    AU - Madsen, J.

    AU - Majumdar, P.

    AU - Marotta, A.

    AU - Maruyama, R.

    AU - Mase, K.

    AU - Matis, H. S.

    AU - Matusik, M.

    AU - Meagher, K.

    AU - Merck, M.

    AU - Mészáros, P.

    AU - Meures, T.

    AU - Middell, E.

    AU - Milke, N.

    AU - Miller, J.

    AU - Montaruli, T.

    AU - Morse, R.

    AU - Movit, S. M.

    AU - Nahnhauer, R.

    AU - Nam, J. W.

    AU - Naumann, U.

    AU - Nießen, P.

    AU - Nygren, D. R.

    AU - Odrowski, S.

    AU - Olivas, A.

    AU - Olivo, M.

    AU - O'Murchadha, A.

    AU - Ono, M.

    AU - Panknin, S.

    AU - Paul, L.

    AU - Pérez de los Heros, C.

    AU - Petrovic, J.

    AU - Piegsa, A.

    AU - Pieloth, D.

    AU - Porrata, R.

    AU - Posselt, J.

    AU - Price, P. B.

    AU - Prikockis, M.

    AU - Przybylski, G. T.

    AU - Rawlins, K.

    AU - Redl, P.

    AU - Resconi, E.

    AU - Rhode, W.

    AU - Ribordy, M.

    AU - Rizzo, A.

    AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

    AU - Roth, P.

    AU - Rothmaier, F.

    AU - Rott, C.

    AU - Roucelle, C.

    AU - Ruhe, T.

    AU - Rutledge, D.

    AU - Ruzybayev, B.

    AU - Ryckbosch, D.

    AU - Sander, H. G.

    AU - Santander, M.

    AU - Sarkar, S.

    AU - Schatto, K.

    AU - Schlenstedt, S.

    AU - Schmidt, T.

    AU - Schukraft, A.

    AU - Schultes, A.

    AU - Schulz, O.

    AU - Schunck, M.

    AU - Seckel, D.

    AU - Semburg, B.

    AU - Seo, S. H.

    AU - Sestayo, Y.

    AU - Seunarine, S.

    AU - Silvestri, A.

    AU - Slipak, A.

    AU - Spiczak, G. M.

    AU - Spiering, C.

    AU - Stamatikos, M.

    AU - Stanev, T.

    AU - Stephens, G.

    AU - Stezelberger, T.

    AU - Stokstad, R. G.

    AU - Stoyanov, S.

    AU - Strahler, E. A.

    AU - Straszheim, T.

    AU - Sullivan, G. W.

    AU - Swillens, Q.

    AU - Taavola, H.

    AU - Taboada, I.

    AU - Tamburro, A.

    AU - Tarasova, O.

    AU - Tepe, A.

    AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

    AU - Tilav, S.

    AU - Toale, P. A.

    AU - Toscano, S.

    AU - Tosi, D.

    AU - Turčan, D.

    AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

    AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

    AU - Van Overloop, A.

    AU - Van Santen, J.

    AU - Voge, M.

    AU - Voigt, B.

    AU - Walck, C.

    AU - Waldenmaier, T.

    AU - Wallraff, M.

    AU - Walter, M.

    AU - Weaver, Ch

    AU - Wendt, C.

    AU - Westerhoff, S.

    AU - Whitehorn, N.

    AU - Wiebe, K.

    AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

    AU - Wikström, G.

    AU - Williams, D. R.

    AU - Wischnewski, R.

    AU - Wissing, H.

    AU - Wolf, M.

    AU - Woschnagg, K.

    AU - Xu, C.

    AU - Xu, X. W.

    AU - Yodh, G.

    AU - Yoshida, S.

    AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

    PY - 2010/8/1

    Y1 - 2010/8/1

    N2 - We report the first observation of an anisotropy in the arrival direction of cosmic rays with energies in the multi-TeV region in theSouthern sky using data from the IceCube detector. Between 2007 June and 2008 March, the partially deployed IceCube detector was operated in a configuration with 1320 digital optical sensors distributed over22 strings at depths between 1450 and 2450 m inside the Antarctic ice. IceCube is a neutrino detector, but the data are dominated by a large background of cosmic-ray muons. Therefore, the background data aresuitable for high-statistics studies of cosmic rays in the southern sky. The data include 4.3 billion muons produced by downward-going cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere; these events were reconstructed with a median angular resolution of 3° and a median energy of ∼20 TeV. Their arrival direction distribution exhibits an anisotropy in right ascension with a first-harmonic amplitude of (6.4±0.2 stat.±0.8 syst.) × 10-4.

    AB - We report the first observation of an anisotropy in the arrival direction of cosmic rays with energies in the multi-TeV region in theSouthern sky using data from the IceCube detector. Between 2007 June and 2008 March, the partially deployed IceCube detector was operated in a configuration with 1320 digital optical sensors distributed over22 strings at depths between 1450 and 2450 m inside the Antarctic ice. IceCube is a neutrino detector, but the data are dominated by a large background of cosmic-ray muons. Therefore, the background data aresuitable for high-statistics studies of cosmic rays in the southern sky. The data include 4.3 billion muons produced by downward-going cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere; these events were reconstructed with a median angular resolution of 3° and a median energy of ∼20 TeV. Their arrival direction distribution exhibits an anisotropy in right ascension with a first-harmonic amplitude of (6.4±0.2 stat.±0.8 syst.) × 10-4.

    KW - Cosmic rays-neutrinos

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78149353654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78149353654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194

    DO - 10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L194

    M3 - Article

    VL - 718

    JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

    JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

    SN - 2041-8205

    IS - 2 PART 2

    ER -