Measurement of need for assistance with daily activities: quantifying the influence of gender roles

S M Allen, V Mor, V Raveis, P Houts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research quantified the contribution of traditional gender roles to patient-reported receipt of assistance with personal care activities, housework, cooking, shopping, transportation, and administrative activities among a sample of 629 cancer patients with advanced disease who were undergoing outpatient treatment. Approximately 80 percent of male patients and 30 percent of female patients attributed help received with household tasks to longstanding division of labor. This response was particularly common among married men and did not differ by age or educational status. However, available morbidity indicators suggest that approximately one-third of these patients actually were functionally impaired, despite attribution to gender role expectations. We adjusted estimates of need for assistance to avoid overestimation due to role-related help, and a second time to avoid underestimation due to underreporting of physical inability to perform a task alone. After making these adjustments, male patients' level of need for assistance with traditionally female-associated tasks was reduced by approximately 50 percent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S204-11
JournalJournal of Gerontology: Social Sciences
Volume48
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Housekeeping
Educational Status
Cooking
Outpatients
Morbidity
Research
Neoplasms
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Helping Behavior
  • Housekeeping
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms/psychology
  • Social Support

Cite this

Measurement of need for assistance with daily activities : quantifying the influence of gender roles. / Allen, S M; Mor, V; Raveis, V; Houts, P.

In: Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 4, 1993, p. S204-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b5a4e9d08b224470add47ac69232d15a,
title = "Measurement of need for assistance with daily activities: quantifying the influence of gender roles",
abstract = "This research quantified the contribution of traditional gender roles to patient-reported receipt of assistance with personal care activities, housework, cooking, shopping, transportation, and administrative activities among a sample of 629 cancer patients with advanced disease who were undergoing outpatient treatment. Approximately 80 percent of male patients and 30 percent of female patients attributed help received with household tasks to longstanding division of labor. This response was particularly common among married men and did not differ by age or educational status. However, available morbidity indicators suggest that approximately one-third of these patients actually were functionally impaired, despite attribution to gender role expectations. We adjusted estimates of need for assistance to avoid overestimation due to role-related help, and a second time to avoid underestimation due to underreporting of physical inability to perform a task alone. After making these adjustments, male patients' level of need for assistance with traditionally female-associated tasks was reduced by approximately 50 percent.",
keywords = "Activities of Daily Living, Adult, Aged, Female, Gender Identity, Helping Behavior, Housekeeping, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms/psychology, Social Support",
author = "Allen, {S M} and V Mor and V Raveis and P Houts",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "S204--11",
journal = "Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences",
issn = "0022-1422",
publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of need for assistance with daily activities

T2 - quantifying the influence of gender roles

AU - Allen, S M

AU - Mor, V

AU - Raveis, V

AU - Houts, P

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - This research quantified the contribution of traditional gender roles to patient-reported receipt of assistance with personal care activities, housework, cooking, shopping, transportation, and administrative activities among a sample of 629 cancer patients with advanced disease who were undergoing outpatient treatment. Approximately 80 percent of male patients and 30 percent of female patients attributed help received with household tasks to longstanding division of labor. This response was particularly common among married men and did not differ by age or educational status. However, available morbidity indicators suggest that approximately one-third of these patients actually were functionally impaired, despite attribution to gender role expectations. We adjusted estimates of need for assistance to avoid overestimation due to role-related help, and a second time to avoid underestimation due to underreporting of physical inability to perform a task alone. After making these adjustments, male patients' level of need for assistance with traditionally female-associated tasks was reduced by approximately 50 percent.

AB - This research quantified the contribution of traditional gender roles to patient-reported receipt of assistance with personal care activities, housework, cooking, shopping, transportation, and administrative activities among a sample of 629 cancer patients with advanced disease who were undergoing outpatient treatment. Approximately 80 percent of male patients and 30 percent of female patients attributed help received with household tasks to longstanding division of labor. This response was particularly common among married men and did not differ by age or educational status. However, available morbidity indicators suggest that approximately one-third of these patients actually were functionally impaired, despite attribution to gender role expectations. We adjusted estimates of need for assistance to avoid overestimation due to role-related help, and a second time to avoid underestimation due to underreporting of physical inability to perform a task alone. After making these adjustments, male patients' level of need for assistance with traditionally female-associated tasks was reduced by approximately 50 percent.

KW - Activities of Daily Living

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Female

KW - Gender Identity

KW - Helping Behavior

KW - Housekeeping

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Neoplasms/psychology

KW - Social Support

M3 - Article

C2 - 8315244

VL - 48

SP - S204-11

JO - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

JF - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

SN - 0022-1422

IS - 4

ER -