Maternal influence on adolescent self-esteem, ethnic pride and intentions to engage in risk behavior in Latino youth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between ethnic pride, self-esteem and adolescent intentions to smoke cigarettes and engage in sexual intercourse. It also explored the influence of maternal levels of ethnic pride and self-esteem as indirect predictors of adolescent risk intentions. Middle school youth were randomly selected from six schools in the Bronx, NY. A total of 1,538 adolescents and their mothers were recruited. Mothers completed self-administered questionnaires about self-esteem and ethnic pride. Adolescents completed self-administered questionnaires about their intentions to engage in risk behaviors, as well as items about community connectedness, language spoken at home, self-esteem and ethnic pride. Results suggest that adolescent ethnic pride had protective effects on risk intentions through the mediator of self-esteem as well as independent of it. Maternal ethnic pride was associated with adolescent ethnic pride and, in turn, risk intentions, but the effect was weak in magnitude. Speaking Spanish at home was not significantly associated with ethnic pride. Both age and gender were related to ethnic pride, with ethnic pride diminishing as adolescents became older and females having higher levels of ethnic pride than males.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-375
Number of pages10
JournalPrevention Science
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Hispanic Americans
Self Concept
Mothers
Coitus
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Language

Keywords

  • Adolescent risk behavior
  • Ethnic pride
  • Latino youth
  • Maternal influence
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{f92e324e2bb847e3866f3d1f79593325,
title = "Maternal influence on adolescent self-esteem, ethnic pride and intentions to engage in risk behavior in Latino youth",
abstract = "This study examined the relationship between ethnic pride, self-esteem and adolescent intentions to smoke cigarettes and engage in sexual intercourse. It also explored the influence of maternal levels of ethnic pride and self-esteem as indirect predictors of adolescent risk intentions. Middle school youth were randomly selected from six schools in the Bronx, NY. A total of 1,538 adolescents and their mothers were recruited. Mothers completed self-administered questionnaires about self-esteem and ethnic pride. Adolescents completed self-administered questionnaires about their intentions to engage in risk behaviors, as well as items about community connectedness, language spoken at home, self-esteem and ethnic pride. Results suggest that adolescent ethnic pride had protective effects on risk intentions through the mediator of self-esteem as well as independent of it. Maternal ethnic pride was associated with adolescent ethnic pride and, in turn, risk intentions, but the effect was weak in magnitude. Speaking Spanish at home was not significantly associated with ethnic pride. Both age and gender were related to ethnic pride, with ethnic pride diminishing as adolescents became older and females having higher levels of ethnic pride than males.",
keywords = "Adolescent risk behavior, Ethnic pride, Latino youth, Maternal influence, Self-esteem",
author = "Vincent Guilamo",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/s11121-009-0138-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "366--375",
journal = "Prevention Science",
issn = "1389-4986",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal influence on adolescent self-esteem, ethnic pride and intentions to engage in risk behavior in Latino youth

AU - Guilamo, Vincent

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - This study examined the relationship between ethnic pride, self-esteem and adolescent intentions to smoke cigarettes and engage in sexual intercourse. It also explored the influence of maternal levels of ethnic pride and self-esteem as indirect predictors of adolescent risk intentions. Middle school youth were randomly selected from six schools in the Bronx, NY. A total of 1,538 adolescents and their mothers were recruited. Mothers completed self-administered questionnaires about self-esteem and ethnic pride. Adolescents completed self-administered questionnaires about their intentions to engage in risk behaviors, as well as items about community connectedness, language spoken at home, self-esteem and ethnic pride. Results suggest that adolescent ethnic pride had protective effects on risk intentions through the mediator of self-esteem as well as independent of it. Maternal ethnic pride was associated with adolescent ethnic pride and, in turn, risk intentions, but the effect was weak in magnitude. Speaking Spanish at home was not significantly associated with ethnic pride. Both age and gender were related to ethnic pride, with ethnic pride diminishing as adolescents became older and females having higher levels of ethnic pride than males.

AB - This study examined the relationship between ethnic pride, self-esteem and adolescent intentions to smoke cigarettes and engage in sexual intercourse. It also explored the influence of maternal levels of ethnic pride and self-esteem as indirect predictors of adolescent risk intentions. Middle school youth were randomly selected from six schools in the Bronx, NY. A total of 1,538 adolescents and their mothers were recruited. Mothers completed self-administered questionnaires about self-esteem and ethnic pride. Adolescents completed self-administered questionnaires about their intentions to engage in risk behaviors, as well as items about community connectedness, language spoken at home, self-esteem and ethnic pride. Results suggest that adolescent ethnic pride had protective effects on risk intentions through the mediator of self-esteem as well as independent of it. Maternal ethnic pride was associated with adolescent ethnic pride and, in turn, risk intentions, but the effect was weak in magnitude. Speaking Spanish at home was not significantly associated with ethnic pride. Both age and gender were related to ethnic pride, with ethnic pride diminishing as adolescents became older and females having higher levels of ethnic pride than males.

KW - Adolescent risk behavior

KW - Ethnic pride

KW - Latino youth

KW - Maternal influence

KW - Self-esteem

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70450263586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70450263586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11121-009-0138-9

DO - 10.1007/s11121-009-0138-9

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 366

EP - 375

JO - Prevention Science

JF - Prevention Science

SN - 1389-4986

IS - 4

ER -