Marital disruption and physical illness: The impact of divorce and spouse death on illness

J. Sherwood Williams, Judith P. Siegel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Most research focusing on life stresses and illness have focused on the history of stress on persons who present physicians with disease symptoms and have used ex-post-facto samples. These studies have tended to focus on specialized samples and, thus, screen out the potential effects of psychosocial factors. This study examines the relationship between two critical life stressors, divorce and spouse death, and physical illness in the general population. Data for this study were gathered from a national probability sample of noninstitutionalized adults in the continental United States. The influence of age, sex, education, and income on the relationship between the two life stressors and illness are examined. Statistically significant results were found between both life stressors and illness. Conditional analysis also yielded evidence that both divorce and spouse death were responded to differently depending on the respondent age, sex, income, and educational attainment. Among the findings, the significant increase of illness among younger persons who had experienced a divorce or the death of a spouse is considered most noteworthy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)555-562
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
    Volume2
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 1989

    Fingerprint

    Divorce
    Spouses
    Sampling Studies
    Sex Education
    Psychological Stress
    History
    Psychology
    Physicians
    Research
    Population

    Keywords

    • divorce
    • life stressors
    • physical illness
    • spouse death
    • traumatic stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Cite this

    Marital disruption and physical illness : The impact of divorce and spouse death on illness. / Williams, J. Sherwood; Siegel, Judith P.

    In: Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 2, No. 4, 01.10.1989, p. 555-562.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Williams, J. Sherwood ; Siegel, Judith P. / Marital disruption and physical illness : The impact of divorce and spouse death on illness. In: Journal of Traumatic Stress. 1989 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 555-562.
    @article{1e6e14e222194f2eb12e592cd17aa017,
    title = "Marital disruption and physical illness: The impact of divorce and spouse death on illness",
    abstract = "Most research focusing on life stresses and illness have focused on the history of stress on persons who present physicians with disease symptoms and have used ex-post-facto samples. These studies have tended to focus on specialized samples and, thus, screen out the potential effects of psychosocial factors. This study examines the relationship between two critical life stressors, divorce and spouse death, and physical illness in the general population. Data for this study were gathered from a national probability sample of noninstitutionalized adults in the continental United States. The influence of age, sex, education, and income on the relationship between the two life stressors and illness are examined. Statistically significant results were found between both life stressors and illness. Conditional analysis also yielded evidence that both divorce and spouse death were responded to differently depending on the respondent age, sex, income, and educational attainment. Among the findings, the significant increase of illness among younger persons who had experienced a divorce or the death of a spouse is considered most noteworthy.",
    keywords = "divorce, life stressors, physical illness, spouse death, traumatic stress",
    author = "Williams, {J. Sherwood} and Siegel, {Judith P.}",
    year = "1989",
    month = "10",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/BF00974609",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "2",
    pages = "555--562",
    journal = "Journal of Traumatic Stress",
    issn = "0894-9867",
    publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
    number = "4",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Marital disruption and physical illness

    T2 - The impact of divorce and spouse death on illness

    AU - Williams, J. Sherwood

    AU - Siegel, Judith P.

    PY - 1989/10/1

    Y1 - 1989/10/1

    N2 - Most research focusing on life stresses and illness have focused on the history of stress on persons who present physicians with disease symptoms and have used ex-post-facto samples. These studies have tended to focus on specialized samples and, thus, screen out the potential effects of psychosocial factors. This study examines the relationship between two critical life stressors, divorce and spouse death, and physical illness in the general population. Data for this study were gathered from a national probability sample of noninstitutionalized adults in the continental United States. The influence of age, sex, education, and income on the relationship between the two life stressors and illness are examined. Statistically significant results were found between both life stressors and illness. Conditional analysis also yielded evidence that both divorce and spouse death were responded to differently depending on the respondent age, sex, income, and educational attainment. Among the findings, the significant increase of illness among younger persons who had experienced a divorce or the death of a spouse is considered most noteworthy.

    AB - Most research focusing on life stresses and illness have focused on the history of stress on persons who present physicians with disease symptoms and have used ex-post-facto samples. These studies have tended to focus on specialized samples and, thus, screen out the potential effects of psychosocial factors. This study examines the relationship between two critical life stressors, divorce and spouse death, and physical illness in the general population. Data for this study were gathered from a national probability sample of noninstitutionalized adults in the continental United States. The influence of age, sex, education, and income on the relationship between the two life stressors and illness are examined. Statistically significant results were found between both life stressors and illness. Conditional analysis also yielded evidence that both divorce and spouse death were responded to differently depending on the respondent age, sex, income, and educational attainment. Among the findings, the significant increase of illness among younger persons who had experienced a divorce or the death of a spouse is considered most noteworthy.

    KW - divorce

    KW - life stressors

    KW - physical illness

    KW - spouse death

    KW - traumatic stress

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001580758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001580758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/BF00974609

    DO - 10.1007/BF00974609

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:0001580758

    VL - 2

    SP - 555

    EP - 562

    JO - Journal of Traumatic Stress

    JF - Journal of Traumatic Stress

    SN - 0894-9867

    IS - 4

    ER -