Making choices: The neurophysiology of visual-saccadic decision making

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Imagine the decisions you might make while playing a simple game like 'matching pennies'. At each play, you and your opponent, say the mathematician John vonNeumann, each lay down a penny heads or tails up. If both pennies show the same side, vonNeumann wins, if not, you win. Before each play, you have the subjective experience of deciding what to do: of choosing whether to play heads or tails. Although decisions like these are not yet understood at a physiological level, progress has been made towards understanding simple decision making in at least one model system: the primate neural architecture that uses visual data and prior knowledge about patterns in the environment to select and execute saccades. Both the visual system and the brainstem circuits that control saccadic eye movements are particularly well understood, making it possible for physiologists to begin to study the connections between these sensory and motor processes at a level of complexity that would be impossible in other less well understood systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-659
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Neurosciences
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2001

Fingerprint

Neurophysiology
Saccades
Decision Making
Head
Primates
Brain Stem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Making choices : The neurophysiology of visual-saccadic decision making. / Glimcher, Paul.

In: Trends in Neurosciences, Vol. 24, No. 11, 01.11.2001, p. 654-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b38a22c6f1fa476d9bf0de88901a7975,
title = "Making choices: The neurophysiology of visual-saccadic decision making",
abstract = "Imagine the decisions you might make while playing a simple game like 'matching pennies'. At each play, you and your opponent, say the mathematician John vonNeumann, each lay down a penny heads or tails up. If both pennies show the same side, vonNeumann wins, if not, you win. Before each play, you have the subjective experience of deciding what to do: of choosing whether to play heads or tails. Although decisions like these are not yet understood at a physiological level, progress has been made towards understanding simple decision making in at least one model system: the primate neural architecture that uses visual data and prior knowledge about patterns in the environment to select and execute saccades. Both the visual system and the brainstem circuits that control saccadic eye movements are particularly well understood, making it possible for physiologists to begin to study the connections between these sensory and motor processes at a level of complexity that would be impossible in other less well understood systems.",
author = "Paul Glimcher",
year = "2001",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01932-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "654--659",
journal = "Trends in Neurosciences",
issn = "0378-5912",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Making choices

T2 - The neurophysiology of visual-saccadic decision making

AU - Glimcher, Paul

PY - 2001/11/1

Y1 - 2001/11/1

N2 - Imagine the decisions you might make while playing a simple game like 'matching pennies'. At each play, you and your opponent, say the mathematician John vonNeumann, each lay down a penny heads or tails up. If both pennies show the same side, vonNeumann wins, if not, you win. Before each play, you have the subjective experience of deciding what to do: of choosing whether to play heads or tails. Although decisions like these are not yet understood at a physiological level, progress has been made towards understanding simple decision making in at least one model system: the primate neural architecture that uses visual data and prior knowledge about patterns in the environment to select and execute saccades. Both the visual system and the brainstem circuits that control saccadic eye movements are particularly well understood, making it possible for physiologists to begin to study the connections between these sensory and motor processes at a level of complexity that would be impossible in other less well understood systems.

AB - Imagine the decisions you might make while playing a simple game like 'matching pennies'. At each play, you and your opponent, say the mathematician John vonNeumann, each lay down a penny heads or tails up. If both pennies show the same side, vonNeumann wins, if not, you win. Before each play, you have the subjective experience of deciding what to do: of choosing whether to play heads or tails. Although decisions like these are not yet understood at a physiological level, progress has been made towards understanding simple decision making in at least one model system: the primate neural architecture that uses visual data and prior knowledge about patterns in the environment to select and execute saccades. Both the visual system and the brainstem circuits that control saccadic eye movements are particularly well understood, making it possible for physiologists to begin to study the connections between these sensory and motor processes at a level of complexity that would be impossible in other less well understood systems.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035510910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035510910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01932-9

DO - 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01932-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 11672810

AN - SCOPUS:0035510910

VL - 24

SP - 654

EP - 659

JO - Trends in Neurosciences

JF - Trends in Neurosciences

SN - 0378-5912

IS - 11

ER -