Although magnetization transfer (MT) has been widely used in brain MRI, for example in brain inflammation and multiple sclerosis, the detailed molecular origin of MT effects and the role that proteins play in MT remain unclear. In this work, a proteoliposome model system was used to mimic the myelin environment and to examine the roles of protein, cholesterol, brain cerebrosides, and sphingomyelin embedded in the liposome matrix. Exchange parameters were determined using a double-quantum filter experiment. The goal was to determine the relative contributions to exchange and MT of cerebrosides, sphingomyelin, cholesterol, and proteins in 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine bilayers. The main finding was that cerebrosides produced the strongest exchange effects, and that these were even more pronounced than those found for proteins. Sphingomyelin (which also has exchangeable groups at the head of the fatty acid chains, albeit closer to the lipid acyl chains) and cholesterol showed only minimal transfer. Overall, the extracted exchange rates appeared much smaller than commonly assumed for -OH and -NH groups.
- chemical exchange saturation transfer
- magnetization transfer
- white matter diseases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging