Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles

G. Subramanian, V. N. Manoharan, D. J. Pine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present a new way of making macroporous materials using colloidal suspensions of ceramic nanoparticles. We start from a mondisperse emulsion of 0.5 to 3.0 μm diameter oil droplets suspended in an aqueous colloidal dispersion of 80-100 nm silica particles. Upon evaporation of the water, the silica particles form a particulate gel around the emulsion droplets. Removal of the emulsion droplets by dissolution in alcohol and subsequent drying produces a monolithic solid macroporous body. Bulk gels with volume greater than 1 cm3 could be easily produced with this method. Uniform films with thickness of approximately 10 μm have also been made by dip coating of the emulsion-silica colloid mixture. One can also use polystyrene particles as templates in place of the emulsion droplets. Using this approach, we were able to produce highly ordered macroporous titania and silica ceramics with pore sizes around 500 nm and typical dimensions of 3.0 × 2.0 × 0.5 mm3. These dimensions are much larger than those produced using alkoxides. Lower shrinkage associated with particulate gels reduces cracking and increases the structural integrity of the macroporous body.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
EditorsR.M. Laine, C. Sanchez, C.J. Brinker, E. Giannelis
Volume628
StatePublished - 2000
EventOrganic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials-2000 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 24 2000Apr 28 2000

Other

OtherOrganic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials-2000
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period4/24/004/28/00

Fingerprint

Latex
Emulsions
Latexes
Particles (particulate matter)
Gels
Silicon Dioxide
Thin films
Silica
Polystyrenes
Colloids
Structural integrity
Pore size
Suspensions
Drying
Oils
Dissolution
Evaporation
Alcohols
Titanium
Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Subramanian, G., Manoharan, V. N., & Pine, D. J. (2000). Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles. In R. M. Laine, C. Sanchez, C. J. Brinker, & E. Giannelis (Eds.), Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings (Vol. 628)

Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles. / Subramanian, G.; Manoharan, V. N.; Pine, D. J.

Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. ed. / R.M. Laine; C. Sanchez; C.J. Brinker; E. Giannelis. Vol. 628 2000.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Subramanian, G, Manoharan, VN & Pine, DJ 2000, Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles. in RM Laine, C Sanchez, CJ Brinker & E Giannelis (eds), Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. vol. 628, Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials-2000, San Francisco, CA, United States, 4/24/00.
Subramanian G, Manoharan VN, Pine DJ. Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles. In Laine RM, Sanchez C, Brinker CJ, Giannelis E, editors, Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. Vol. 628. 2000
Subramanian, G. ; Manoharan, V. N. ; Pine, D. J. / Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles. Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. editor / R.M. Laine ; C. Sanchez ; C.J. Brinker ; E. Giannelis. Vol. 628 2000.
@inproceedings{c2603464a5b149709d990112157068ee,
title = "Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles",
abstract = "We present a new way of making macroporous materials using colloidal suspensions of ceramic nanoparticles. We start from a mondisperse emulsion of 0.5 to 3.0 μm diameter oil droplets suspended in an aqueous colloidal dispersion of 80-100 nm silica particles. Upon evaporation of the water, the silica particles form a particulate gel around the emulsion droplets. Removal of the emulsion droplets by dissolution in alcohol and subsequent drying produces a monolithic solid macroporous body. Bulk gels with volume greater than 1 cm3 could be easily produced with this method. Uniform films with thickness of approximately 10 μm have also been made by dip coating of the emulsion-silica colloid mixture. One can also use polystyrene particles as templates in place of the emulsion droplets. Using this approach, we were able to produce highly ordered macroporous titania and silica ceramics with pore sizes around 500 nm and typical dimensions of 3.0 × 2.0 × 0.5 mm3. These dimensions are much larger than those produced using alkoxides. Lower shrinkage associated with particulate gels reduces cracking and increases the structural integrity of the macroporous body.",
author = "G. Subramanian and Manoharan, {V. N.} and Pine, {D. J.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "628",
editor = "R.M. Laine and C. Sanchez and C.J. Brinker and E. Giannelis",
booktitle = "Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Macroporous bulk gels and thin films by colloidal templating of emulsions and latex particles

AU - Subramanian, G.

AU - Manoharan, V. N.

AU - Pine, D. J.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - We present a new way of making macroporous materials using colloidal suspensions of ceramic nanoparticles. We start from a mondisperse emulsion of 0.5 to 3.0 μm diameter oil droplets suspended in an aqueous colloidal dispersion of 80-100 nm silica particles. Upon evaporation of the water, the silica particles form a particulate gel around the emulsion droplets. Removal of the emulsion droplets by dissolution in alcohol and subsequent drying produces a monolithic solid macroporous body. Bulk gels with volume greater than 1 cm3 could be easily produced with this method. Uniform films with thickness of approximately 10 μm have also been made by dip coating of the emulsion-silica colloid mixture. One can also use polystyrene particles as templates in place of the emulsion droplets. Using this approach, we were able to produce highly ordered macroporous titania and silica ceramics with pore sizes around 500 nm and typical dimensions of 3.0 × 2.0 × 0.5 mm3. These dimensions are much larger than those produced using alkoxides. Lower shrinkage associated with particulate gels reduces cracking and increases the structural integrity of the macroporous body.

AB - We present a new way of making macroporous materials using colloidal suspensions of ceramic nanoparticles. We start from a mondisperse emulsion of 0.5 to 3.0 μm diameter oil droplets suspended in an aqueous colloidal dispersion of 80-100 nm silica particles. Upon evaporation of the water, the silica particles form a particulate gel around the emulsion droplets. Removal of the emulsion droplets by dissolution in alcohol and subsequent drying produces a monolithic solid macroporous body. Bulk gels with volume greater than 1 cm3 could be easily produced with this method. Uniform films with thickness of approximately 10 μm have also been made by dip coating of the emulsion-silica colloid mixture. One can also use polystyrene particles as templates in place of the emulsion droplets. Using this approach, we were able to produce highly ordered macroporous titania and silica ceramics with pore sizes around 500 nm and typical dimensions of 3.0 × 2.0 × 0.5 mm3. These dimensions are much larger than those produced using alkoxides. Lower shrinkage associated with particulate gels reduces cracking and increases the structural integrity of the macroporous body.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034432908&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034432908&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:0034432908

VL - 628

BT - Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings

A2 - Laine, R.M.

A2 - Sanchez, C.

A2 - Brinker, C.J.

A2 - Giannelis, E.

ER -