Low-lying quasiparticle states and hidden collective charge instabilities in parent cobaltate superconductors

D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, Y. D. Chuang, A. Fedorov, D. Wu, J. L. Luo, N. L. Wang, L. Viciu, R. J. Cava, M. Z. Hasan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We report a state-of-the-art photoemission (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy) study of high quality single crystals of the NaxCoO2 series focusing on the fine details of the low-energy states. The Fermi velocity is found to be small (<0.5 eV Å) and only weakly anisotropic over the Fermi surface at all dopings, setting the size of the pair wave function to be on the order of 10-20 nm. In the low-doping regime, the exchange interlayer splitting vanishes and two-dimensional collective instabilities such as 120°-type fluctuations become kinematically allowed. Our results suggest that the unusually small Fermi velocity and the unique symmetry of kinematic instabilities distinguish cobaltates from most other oxide superconductors.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number216405
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume96
    Issue number21
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2006

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    photoelectric emission
    Fermi surfaces
    interlayers
    kinematics
    wave functions
    oxides
    single crystals
    symmetry
    spectroscopy
    energy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Low-lying quasiparticle states and hidden collective charge instabilities in parent cobaltate superconductors. / Qian, D.; Hsieh, D.; Wray, L.; Chuang, Y. D.; Fedorov, A.; Wu, D.; Luo, J. L.; Wang, N. L.; Viciu, L.; Cava, R. J.; Hasan, M. Z.

    In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 96, No. 21, 216405, 2006.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Qian, D, Hsieh, D, Wray, L, Chuang, YD, Fedorov, A, Wu, D, Luo, JL, Wang, NL, Viciu, L, Cava, RJ & Hasan, MZ 2006, 'Low-lying quasiparticle states and hidden collective charge instabilities in parent cobaltate superconductors', Physical Review Letters, vol. 96, no. 21, 216405. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.216405
    Qian, D. ; Hsieh, D. ; Wray, L. ; Chuang, Y. D. ; Fedorov, A. ; Wu, D. ; Luo, J. L. ; Wang, N. L. ; Viciu, L. ; Cava, R. J. ; Hasan, M. Z. / Low-lying quasiparticle states and hidden collective charge instabilities in parent cobaltate superconductors. In: Physical Review Letters. 2006 ; Vol. 96, No. 21.
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    AU - Qian, D.

    AU - Hsieh, D.

    AU - Wray, L.

    AU - Chuang, Y. D.

    AU - Fedorov, A.

    AU - Wu, D.

    AU - Luo, J. L.

    AU - Wang, N. L.

    AU - Viciu, L.

    AU - Cava, R. J.

    AU - Hasan, M. Z.

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    AB - We report a state-of-the-art photoemission (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy) study of high quality single crystals of the NaxCoO2 series focusing on the fine details of the low-energy states. The Fermi velocity is found to be small (<0.5 eV Å) and only weakly anisotropic over the Fermi surface at all dopings, setting the size of the pair wave function to be on the order of 10-20 nm. In the low-doping regime, the exchange interlayer splitting vanishes and two-dimensional collective instabilities such as 120°-type fluctuations become kinematically allowed. Our results suggest that the unusually small Fermi velocity and the unique symmetry of kinematic instabilities distinguish cobaltates from most other oxide superconductors.

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