Looking inward and back

Real-time monitoring of visual working memories

Jordan W. Suchow, Daryl Fougnie, George A. Alvarez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Confidence in our memories is influenced by many factors, including beliefs about the perceptibility or memorability of certain kinds of objects and events, as well as knowledge about our skill sets, habits, and experiences. Notoriously, our knowledge and beliefs about memory can lead us astray, causing us to be overly confident in eyewitness testimony or to overestimate the frequency of recent experiences. Here, using visual working memory as a case study, we stripped away all these potentially misleading cues, requiring observers to make confidence judgments by directly assessing the quality of their memory representations. We show that individuals can monitor the status of information in working memory as it degrades over time. Our findings suggest that people have access to information reflecting the existence and quality of their working memories, and furthermore, that they can use this information to guide their behavior.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)660-668
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
    Volume43
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Short-Term Memory
    monitoring
    Access to Information
    Habits
    Cues
    confidence
    testimony
    habits
    time
    Monitoring
    Visual Working Memory
    experience
    Confidence
    Working Memory
    event

    Keywords

    • Metamemory
    • Monitoring
    • Visual memory
    • Working memory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Language and Linguistics
    • Linguistics and Language

    Cite this

    Looking inward and back : Real-time monitoring of visual working memories. / Suchow, Jordan W.; Fougnie, Daryl; Alvarez, George A.

    In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 660-668.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Suchow, Jordan W. ; Fougnie, Daryl ; Alvarez, George A. / Looking inward and back : Real-time monitoring of visual working memories. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 660-668.
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