Local wind model in New York City

Elham Azimi, Fletcher Griffis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

According to insurance companies, 70-80 % of economic losses due to natural disasters in the world are caused by extreme winds and related water hazards. Wind behavior assessment in vulnerable areas can mitigate the following damages due to the wind. This study introduces a methodology to specify local wind pattern as a function of location in New York City. A variety of methods can be used to obtain localized wind. These include codes of practice, full-scale, wind tunnel or Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) studies. Each of these has their advantages and disadvantages. Due to the considerable numbers of buildings under-study, codes evaluation was selected. The methodology for determining regional wind speeds and wind multipliers from major wind loading standards, focusing on Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures from the American Society of Civil Engineers/ Structural Engineering Institute (7-10) and the Australian Wind Loading Standard AS/NZS 1170.2 (2011) is discussed in this research. Finally, it provides the wind pattern for New York City calculated using the different wind multipliers. Wind multipliers/coefficients can be considered the basis of local wind determination; without them, the local wind would be meaningless. They convert the national scale wind to the local level by incorporating the effects of direction, height and terrain, topography and shielding. Combining these effects can describe the site wind speed in any location.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
PublisherCanadian Society for Civil Engineering
Pages997-1006
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510878419
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: May 31 2017Jun 3 2017

Publication series

Name6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
Volume2

Conference

Conference6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period5/31/176/3/17

Fingerprint

Insurance
Structural design
Shielding
Disasters
Topography
Wind tunnels
Hazards
Computational fluid dynamics
Engineers
Economics
Water
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Azimi, E., & Griffis, F. (2017). Local wind model in New York City. In 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017 (pp. 997-1006). (6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017; Vol. 2). Canadian Society for Civil Engineering.

Local wind model in New York City. / Azimi, Elham; Griffis, Fletcher.

6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017. Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, 2017. p. 997-1006 (6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Azimi, E & Griffis, F 2017, Local wind model in New York City. in 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017. 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017, vol. 2, Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, pp. 997-1006, 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017, Vancouver, Canada, 5/31/17.
Azimi E, Griffis F. Local wind model in New York City. In 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017. Canadian Society for Civil Engineering. 2017. p. 997-1006. (6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017).
Azimi, Elham ; Griffis, Fletcher. / Local wind model in New York City. 6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017. Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, 2017. pp. 997-1006 (6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017).
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