Local social capital and geographical mobility

Quentin David, Alexandre Janiak, Etienne Wasmer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In the North of Europe, club membership is higher than in the South, but the frequency of contacts with friends, relatives and neighbors is lower. We link this fact to another one: the low geographical mobility rates in the South of Europe relative to the North.To interpret these facts, we build a model of local social capital and mobility. Investing in local ties is rational when workers do not expect to move to another region. We find that observationally close individuals may take different paths characterized by high local social capital, low mobility and high unemployment, vs. low social capital, high propensity to move and higher employment probability. Employment protection reinforces the accumulation of local social capital and thus reduces mobility.European data supports the theory: within a country and at the individual level, more social capital is associated with lower mobility.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)191-204
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Urban Economics
    Volume68
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

    Fingerprint

    social capital
    migration
    job security
    Social Mobility
    club
    unemployment
    Geographical mobility
    Capital mobility
    Social capital
    contact
    worker
    Europe

    Keywords

    • European unemployment
    • Geographical mobility
    • Social capital

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Urban Studies

    Cite this

    Local social capital and geographical mobility. / David, Quentin; Janiak, Alexandre; Wasmer, Etienne.

    In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 68, No. 2, 01.09.2010, p. 191-204.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    David, Quentin ; Janiak, Alexandre ; Wasmer, Etienne. / Local social capital and geographical mobility. In: Journal of Urban Economics. 2010 ; Vol. 68, No. 2. pp. 191-204.
    @article{e525c1e7db8844f4b78e510768c3c57e,
    title = "Local social capital and geographical mobility",
    abstract = "In the North of Europe, club membership is higher than in the South, but the frequency of contacts with friends, relatives and neighbors is lower. We link this fact to another one: the low geographical mobility rates in the South of Europe relative to the North.To interpret these facts, we build a model of local social capital and mobility. Investing in local ties is rational when workers do not expect to move to another region. We find that observationally close individuals may take different paths characterized by high local social capital, low mobility and high unemployment, vs. low social capital, high propensity to move and higher employment probability. Employment protection reinforces the accumulation of local social capital and thus reduces mobility.European data supports the theory: within a country and at the individual level, more social capital is associated with lower mobility.",
    keywords = "European unemployment, Geographical mobility, Social capital",
    author = "Quentin David and Alexandre Janiak and Etienne Wasmer",
    year = "2010",
    month = "9",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.jue.2010.04.003",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "68",
    pages = "191--204",
    journal = "Journal of Urban Economics",
    issn = "0094-1190",
    publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Local social capital and geographical mobility

    AU - David, Quentin

    AU - Janiak, Alexandre

    AU - Wasmer, Etienne

    PY - 2010/9/1

    Y1 - 2010/9/1

    N2 - In the North of Europe, club membership is higher than in the South, but the frequency of contacts with friends, relatives and neighbors is lower. We link this fact to another one: the low geographical mobility rates in the South of Europe relative to the North.To interpret these facts, we build a model of local social capital and mobility. Investing in local ties is rational when workers do not expect to move to another region. We find that observationally close individuals may take different paths characterized by high local social capital, low mobility and high unemployment, vs. low social capital, high propensity to move and higher employment probability. Employment protection reinforces the accumulation of local social capital and thus reduces mobility.European data supports the theory: within a country and at the individual level, more social capital is associated with lower mobility.

    AB - In the North of Europe, club membership is higher than in the South, but the frequency of contacts with friends, relatives and neighbors is lower. We link this fact to another one: the low geographical mobility rates in the South of Europe relative to the North.To interpret these facts, we build a model of local social capital and mobility. Investing in local ties is rational when workers do not expect to move to another region. We find that observationally close individuals may take different paths characterized by high local social capital, low mobility and high unemployment, vs. low social capital, high propensity to move and higher employment probability. Employment protection reinforces the accumulation of local social capital and thus reduces mobility.European data supports the theory: within a country and at the individual level, more social capital is associated with lower mobility.

    KW - European unemployment

    KW - Geographical mobility

    KW - Social capital

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954383846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954383846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.jue.2010.04.003

    DO - 10.1016/j.jue.2010.04.003

    M3 - Article

    VL - 68

    SP - 191

    EP - 204

    JO - Journal of Urban Economics

    JF - Journal of Urban Economics

    SN - 0094-1190

    IS - 2

    ER -