Lipid reactivity to stress: I. Comparison of chronic and acute stress responses in middle-aged airline pilots

Catherine M. Stoney, Raymond Niaura, Linda Bausserman, Mala Matacin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lipids increase during psychological stress, but no studies have compared the effects of acute and chronic stressors on lipid responsivity in the same individuals. One hundred middle-aged men (n = 92) and women (n = 8) were examined during high chronic occupational stress, low chronic stress, and acute laboratory stressors. In addition to measures of perceived stress and affect, an extensive battery of lipid and lipoprotein measures was undertaken at each time point. Most lipid parameters were significantly increased during the chronic and acute stressors, although the responses to the different stressors were not consistently associated. For example, significant correlations among the chronic and acute stress responses were apparent for the apoproteins, but not for total, low density lipoprotein, or high density lipoprotein cholesterol. The factors and processes regulating these variables during stress may be different during acute and chronic stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-250
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

Fingerprint

Lipids
Apoproteins
LDL Lipoproteins
Psychological Stress
HDL Cholesterol
Lipoproteins
Pilots

Keywords

  • Acute stress
  • Chronic stress
  • Lipid regulation
  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins
  • Reactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Lipid reactivity to stress : I. Comparison of chronic and acute stress responses in middle-aged airline pilots. / Stoney, Catherine M.; Niaura, Raymond; Bausserman, Linda; Matacin, Mala.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 3, 05.1999, p. 241-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoney, Catherine M. ; Niaura, Raymond ; Bausserman, Linda ; Matacin, Mala. / Lipid reactivity to stress : I. Comparison of chronic and acute stress responses in middle-aged airline pilots. In: Health Psychology. 1999 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 241-250.
@article{51745a8e118e421487662789e2bfdc17,
title = "Lipid reactivity to stress: I. Comparison of chronic and acute stress responses in middle-aged airline pilots",
abstract = "Lipids increase during psychological stress, but no studies have compared the effects of acute and chronic stressors on lipid responsivity in the same individuals. One hundred middle-aged men (n = 92) and women (n = 8) were examined during high chronic occupational stress, low chronic stress, and acute laboratory stressors. In addition to measures of perceived stress and affect, an extensive battery of lipid and lipoprotein measures was undertaken at each time point. Most lipid parameters were significantly increased during the chronic and acute stressors, although the responses to the different stressors were not consistently associated. For example, significant correlations among the chronic and acute stress responses were apparent for the apoproteins, but not for total, low density lipoprotein, or high density lipoprotein cholesterol. The factors and processes regulating these variables during stress may be different during acute and chronic stressors.",
keywords = "Acute stress, Chronic stress, Lipid regulation, Lipids, Lipoproteins, Reactivity",
author = "Stoney, {Catherine M.} and Raymond Niaura and Linda Bausserman and Mala Matacin",
year = "1999",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1037/0278-6133.18.3.241",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "241--250",
journal = "Health Psychology",
issn = "0278-6133",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipid reactivity to stress

T2 - I. Comparison of chronic and acute stress responses in middle-aged airline pilots

AU - Stoney, Catherine M.

AU - Niaura, Raymond

AU - Bausserman, Linda

AU - Matacin, Mala

PY - 1999/5

Y1 - 1999/5

N2 - Lipids increase during psychological stress, but no studies have compared the effects of acute and chronic stressors on lipid responsivity in the same individuals. One hundred middle-aged men (n = 92) and women (n = 8) were examined during high chronic occupational stress, low chronic stress, and acute laboratory stressors. In addition to measures of perceived stress and affect, an extensive battery of lipid and lipoprotein measures was undertaken at each time point. Most lipid parameters were significantly increased during the chronic and acute stressors, although the responses to the different stressors were not consistently associated. For example, significant correlations among the chronic and acute stress responses were apparent for the apoproteins, but not for total, low density lipoprotein, or high density lipoprotein cholesterol. The factors and processes regulating these variables during stress may be different during acute and chronic stressors.

AB - Lipids increase during psychological stress, but no studies have compared the effects of acute and chronic stressors on lipid responsivity in the same individuals. One hundred middle-aged men (n = 92) and women (n = 8) were examined during high chronic occupational stress, low chronic stress, and acute laboratory stressors. In addition to measures of perceived stress and affect, an extensive battery of lipid and lipoprotein measures was undertaken at each time point. Most lipid parameters were significantly increased during the chronic and acute stressors, although the responses to the different stressors were not consistently associated. For example, significant correlations among the chronic and acute stress responses were apparent for the apoproteins, but not for total, low density lipoprotein, or high density lipoprotein cholesterol. The factors and processes regulating these variables during stress may be different during acute and chronic stressors.

KW - Acute stress

KW - Chronic stress

KW - Lipid regulation

KW - Lipids

KW - Lipoproteins

KW - Reactivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032959036&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032959036&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0278-6133.18.3.241

DO - 10.1037/0278-6133.18.3.241

M3 - Article

C2 - 10357505

AN - SCOPUS:0032959036

VL - 18

SP - 241

EP - 250

JO - Health Psychology

JF - Health Psychology

SN - 0278-6133

IS - 3

ER -