Light-trapping in polymer solar cells by processing with nanostructured diatomaceous earth

Lyndsey McMillon-Brown, Marina Mariano, Yun Hui L. Lin, Jinyang Li, Sara M. Hashmi, Andrey Semichaevsky, Barry P. Rand, Andre Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We demonstrate the use of fossilized diatoms (diatomaceous earth) as light traps in regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and fullerene derivative [6,6]-phenyl-C60-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) solar cells. Diatoms, the most common type of phytoplankton found in nature, are optimized for light absorption through millions of years of adaptive evolution. They are also an earth-abundant source of silica that can be incorporated into polymer solar cells without the need for complicated processing. Here we establish protocols dispersing the diatomaceous earth throughout the P3HT:PCBM active layer with characterization by optical and current-voltage measurements. We show that through the addition of diatomaceous earth, we can achieve the same power conversion efficiencies as standard thickness cells while using 36% thinner active layers. We find that adding the diatomaceous earth acts as a scattering center and textures the silver back contact, contributing to increases in the optical path length within devices. Results from this study open up pathways for incorporating hierarchical materials from nature into energy conversion devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-427
Number of pages6
JournalOrganic Electronics: physics, materials, applications
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Diatomaceous Earth
solar cells
Earth (planet)
trapping
Butyric Acid
polymers
Processing
Butyric acid
butyric acid
algae
Esters
esters
Fullerenes
Phytoplankton
Voltage measurement
Electric current measurement
Energy conversion
Silver
phytoplankton
Silicon Dioxide

Keywords

  • Biomimicry
  • Diatom frustules
  • Light trapping
  • Nanophotonics
  • Polymer solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

McMillon-Brown, L., Mariano, M., Lin, Y. H. L., Li, J., Hashmi, S. M., Semichaevsky, A., ... Taylor, A. (2017). Light-trapping in polymer solar cells by processing with nanostructured diatomaceous earth. Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications, 51, 422-427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.009

Light-trapping in polymer solar cells by processing with nanostructured diatomaceous earth. / McMillon-Brown, Lyndsey; Mariano, Marina; Lin, Yun Hui L.; Li, Jinyang; Hashmi, Sara M.; Semichaevsky, Andrey; Rand, Barry P.; Taylor, Andre.

In: Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications, Vol. 51, 01.12.2017, p. 422-427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McMillon-Brown, L, Mariano, M, Lin, YHL, Li, J, Hashmi, SM, Semichaevsky, A, Rand, BP & Taylor, A 2017, 'Light-trapping in polymer solar cells by processing with nanostructured diatomaceous earth', Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications, vol. 51, pp. 422-427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.009
McMillon-Brown, Lyndsey ; Mariano, Marina ; Lin, Yun Hui L. ; Li, Jinyang ; Hashmi, Sara M. ; Semichaevsky, Andrey ; Rand, Barry P. ; Taylor, Andre. / Light-trapping in polymer solar cells by processing with nanostructured diatomaceous earth. In: Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications. 2017 ; Vol. 51. pp. 422-427.
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