Life-cycle costs and emissions of pareto-optimal residential roof-mounted photovoltaic systems

Thomas P. Hendrickson, Arpad Horvath, Samer Madanat

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Research has separately existed for life-cycle costs and environmental assessment of photovoltaic systems. This study provides a framework for the identification of the optimal set of residential photovoltaic system options in terms of costs and selected air emissions by assessing the life cycle of the product from manufacturing to disposal. Analyzed air emissions include carbon, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter. The study focuses on general residential installations within the San Francisco Bay Area of California. Pareto frontiers are determined for costs and emissions, and the best options for suppliers are identified in each case, including sensitivity analysis of the installation planning horizon. Choosing multicrystalline silicon modules over thin film modules has the greatest impact on cost reduction. The electricity mix with which the modules are produced has the greatest impact on the emissions.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)306-314
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Infrastructure Systems
    Volume19
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 9 2013

    Fingerprint

    Roofs
    Life cycle
    Costs
    Nitrogen oxides
    Air
    Cost reduction
    Carbon monoxide
    Sensitivity analysis
    Electricity
    Planning
    Thin films
    Silicon
    Carbon
    Environmental assessments
    Sulfur Oxides

    Keywords

    • Carbon dioxide
    • Criteria air pollutants
    • Life-cycle assessment
    • Life-cycle costs
    • Renewable energy
    • Solar

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering

    Cite this

    Life-cycle costs and emissions of pareto-optimal residential roof-mounted photovoltaic systems. / Hendrickson, Thomas P.; Horvath, Arpad; Madanat, Samer.

    In: Journal of Infrastructure Systems, Vol. 19, No. 3, 09.09.2013, p. 306-314.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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