Lexical and phonological variation in Russian prepositions

Tal Linzen, Sofya Kasyanenko, Maria Gouskova

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    Phonological rules can be variable in two ways: they can apply to a subset of the lexicon (lexical variation), or apply optionally, with a probability that depends on the phonological environment (stochastic variation). These two types of variation are occasionally seen as mutually exclusive. We show that the vowel-zero alternation in Russian prepositions ([s trudom] 'with difficulty' vs. [sÉ™ stinoj] 'with the wall') exhibits both types of variation. In two corpus studies and a nonce-word experiment, we document novel stochastic factors that influence the alternation: similarity avoidance, stress position and sonority profile. These constraints interact additively, lending support to a weighted-constraints analysis. In addition to phonologically determined stochastic variation, we find significant lexical variation: phonologically similar nouns differ in the rate at which they condition the alternation in the prepositions. We analyse this pattern by augmenting the weighted-constraints approach with lexical scaling factors.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)453-515
    Number of pages63
    JournalPhonology
    Volume30
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2013

    Fingerprint

    lending
    scaling
    experiment
    Phonological Variation
    Prepositions
    Alternation
    Corpus Study
    Nonce Words
    Avoidance
    Experiment
    Nouns
    Scaling
    Sonority
    Phonological Rules

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Language and Linguistics
    • Linguistics and Language

    Cite this

    Lexical and phonological variation in Russian prepositions. / Linzen, Tal; Kasyanenko, Sofya; Gouskova, Maria.

    In: Phonology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 12.2013, p. 453-515.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Linzen, T, Kasyanenko, S & Gouskova, M 2013, 'Lexical and phonological variation in Russian prepositions', Phonology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 453-515. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675713000225
    Linzen, Tal ; Kasyanenko, Sofya ; Gouskova, Maria. / Lexical and phonological variation in Russian prepositions. In: Phonology. 2013 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 453-515.
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