### Abstract

We study the model which results from quantum electrodynamics if all photons are replaced by their longitudinal parts -k1/4 k1/4(k2)2. The model is formulated in terms of a Lagrangian which features the higher-order or "grandfather" potential S which becomes a local field after quantization and from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=S. The grandfather potential provides a convenient control over ultraviolet and infrared divergences, for its free propagator -(12)i(k1/4)[k1/4ln(-a2k2-iu)(-k2-iu)2] already contains the parameter a-1 with dimensions of mass which otherwise only appears in the theory, after regularization, as a renormalization mass. It produces much needed states, for we prove that there is no charged state satisfying the Gupta-Bleuler condition in DFO(A,), the closure of the space obtained from the vacuum by applying polynomials in A and (the charged spinor field), but such states are easily found in D(S,). As the lesson from the model, a new Lagrangian for quantum electrodynamics is exhibited, which features the grandfather or Hertz potential 1/41/2=- 1/21/4, from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=1/4 1/2 1/3, and which is expected to yield corresponding advantages.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 457-468 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology |

Volume | 17 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1978 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

### Cite this

*Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology*,

*17*(2), 457-468. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.17.457

**Lesson from a soluble model of quantum electrodynamics.** / Zwanziger, Daniel.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology*, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 457-468. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.17.457

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lesson from a soluble model of quantum electrodynamics

AU - Zwanziger, Daniel

PY - 1978

Y1 - 1978

N2 - We study the model which results from quantum electrodynamics if all photons are replaced by their longitudinal parts -k1/4 k1/4(k2)2. The model is formulated in terms of a Lagrangian which features the higher-order or "grandfather" potential S which becomes a local field after quantization and from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=S. The grandfather potential provides a convenient control over ultraviolet and infrared divergences, for its free propagator -(12)i(k1/4)[k1/4ln(-a2k2-iu)(-k2-iu)2] already contains the parameter a-1 with dimensions of mass which otherwise only appears in the theory, after regularization, as a renormalization mass. It produces much needed states, for we prove that there is no charged state satisfying the Gupta-Bleuler condition in DFO(A,), the closure of the space obtained from the vacuum by applying polynomials in A and (the charged spinor field), but such states are easily found in D(S,). As the lesson from the model, a new Lagrangian for quantum electrodynamics is exhibited, which features the grandfather or Hertz potential 1/41/2=- 1/21/4, from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=1/4 1/2 1/3, and which is expected to yield corresponding advantages.

AB - We study the model which results from quantum electrodynamics if all photons are replaced by their longitudinal parts -k1/4 k1/4(k2)2. The model is formulated in terms of a Lagrangian which features the higher-order or "grandfather" potential S which becomes a local field after quantization and from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=S. The grandfather potential provides a convenient control over ultraviolet and infrared divergences, for its free propagator -(12)i(k1/4)[k1/4ln(-a2k2-iu)(-k2-iu)2] already contains the parameter a-1 with dimensions of mass which otherwise only appears in the theory, after regularization, as a renormalization mass. It produces much needed states, for we prove that there is no charged state satisfying the Gupta-Bleuler condition in DFO(A,), the closure of the space obtained from the vacuum by applying polynomials in A and (the charged spinor field), but such states are easily found in D(S,). As the lesson from the model, a new Lagrangian for quantum electrodynamics is exhibited, which features the grandfather or Hertz potential 1/41/2=- 1/21/4, from which the vector potential is derived by A1/4=1/4 1/2 1/3, and which is expected to yield corresponding advantages.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0040183756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0040183756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.17.457

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.17.457

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0040183756

VL - 17

SP - 457

EP - 468

JO - Physical review D: Particles and fields

JF - Physical review D: Particles and fields

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 2

ER -