Latina food patterns in the United States

A qualitative metasynthesis

Lauren Gerchow, Barbara Tagliaferro, Allison Squires, Joey Nicholson, Stella M. Savarimuthu, Damara Gutnick, Melanie Jay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Obesity disproportionately affects Latinas living in the United States, and cultural food patterns contribute to this health concern. Objective: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative results of research regarding Latina food patterns in order to (a) identify common patterns across Latino culture and within Latino subcultures and (b) inform future research by determining gaps in the literature. Methods: A systematic search of three databases produced 13 studies (15 manuscripts) that met the inclusion criteria for review. The Critical Appraisal Skills Program tool and the recommendations of Squires for evaluating translation methods in qualitative research were applied to appraise study quality. Authors coded through directed content analysis and an adaptation of the Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument coding template to extract themes. Coding focused on food patterns, obesity, population breakdown, immigration, acculturation, and barriers and facilitators to healthy eating. Other themes and categories emerged from this process to complement this approach. Results: Major findings included the following: (a) Immigration driven changes in scheduling, food choice, socioeconomic status, and family dynamics shape the complex psychology behind healthy food choices for Latina women; (b) in Latina populations, barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle choices around food are complex; and (c) there is a clear need to differentiate Latino populations by country of origin in future qualitative studies on eating behavior. Discussion: Healthcare providers need to recognize the complex influences behind eating behaviors among immigrant Latinas in order to design effective behavior change and goal-setting programs to support healthy lifestyles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-193
Number of pages12
JournalNursing Research
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Hispanic Americans
Food
Qualitative Research
Emigration and Immigration
Feeding Behavior
Obesity
Population
Acculturation
Manuscripts
Family Relations
Social Class
Health Personnel
Databases
Psychology
Health

Keywords

  • food patterns
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Latinas
  • obesity
  • qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Gerchow, L., Tagliaferro, B., Squires, A., Nicholson, J., Savarimuthu, S. M., Gutnick, D., & Jay, M. (2014). Latina food patterns in the United States: A qualitative metasynthesis. Nursing Research, 63(3), 182-193. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000030

Latina food patterns in the United States : A qualitative metasynthesis. / Gerchow, Lauren; Tagliaferro, Barbara; Squires, Allison; Nicholson, Joey; Savarimuthu, Stella M.; Gutnick, Damara; Jay, Melanie.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2014, p. 182-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gerchow, L, Tagliaferro, B, Squires, A, Nicholson, J, Savarimuthu, SM, Gutnick, D & Jay, M 2014, 'Latina food patterns in the United States: A qualitative metasynthesis', Nursing Research, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 182-193. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000030
Gerchow L, Tagliaferro B, Squires A, Nicholson J, Savarimuthu SM, Gutnick D et al. Latina food patterns in the United States: A qualitative metasynthesis. Nursing Research. 2014;63(3):182-193. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000030
Gerchow, Lauren ; Tagliaferro, Barbara ; Squires, Allison ; Nicholson, Joey ; Savarimuthu, Stella M. ; Gutnick, Damara ; Jay, Melanie. / Latina food patterns in the United States : A qualitative metasynthesis. In: Nursing Research. 2014 ; Vol. 63, No. 3. pp. 182-193.
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