Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, M. Bell & 250 others Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, S. Buitink, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, D. F. Cowen, A. H. Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. Grant, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, P. Heimann, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, O. Jlelati, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, R. Lauer, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészáros, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, S. Panknin, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, N. Pirk, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, M. Scheel, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schönherr, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, M. W.E. Smith, M. Soiron, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, M. Usner, D. Van Der Drift, N. Van Eijndhoven, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, R. Wasserman, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, A. Zilles, M. Zoll

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high pT (>2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard pT component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number012005
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume87
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 7 2013

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    muons
    cosmic rays
    showers
    interactions
    kaons
    cosmic ray showers
    zenith
    transverse momentum
    quantum chromodynamics
    simulation
    energy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., ... Zoll, M. (2013). Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 87(1), [012005]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005

    Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Bell, M.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Buitink, S.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heimann, P.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jlelati, O.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pirk, N.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheel, M.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönherr, L.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soiron, M.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Usner, M.; Van Der Drift, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Wasserman, R.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zilles, A.; Zoll, M.

    In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 87, No. 1, 012005, 07.01.2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Bell, M, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Buitink, S, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Cowen, DF, Cruz Silva, AH, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grant, D, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heimann, P, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Jlelati, O, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lauer, R, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészáros, P, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pieloth, D, Pirk, N, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheel, M, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönherr, L, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Smith, MWE, Soiron, M, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Usner, M, Van Der Drift, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Wasserman, R, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zilles, A & Zoll, M 2013, 'Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events', Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 87, no. 1, 012005. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005
    Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bell, M. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Buitink, S. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cruz Silva, A. H. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heimann, P. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jlelati, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauer, R. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészáros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pirk, N. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheel, M. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönherr, L. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soiron, M. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Usner, M. ; Van Der Drift, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Wasserman, R. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zilles, A. ; Zoll, M. / Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2013 ; Vol. 87, No. 1.
    @article{803f1599a50a44c9974236b7e651ebbe,
    title = "Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events",
    abstract = "In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high pT (>2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard pT component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.",
    author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and M. Bell and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and S. Buitink and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and Cowen, {D. F.} and {Cruz Silva}, {A. H.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and {Haj Ismail}, A. and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and P. Heimann and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and O. Jlelati and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and R. Lauer and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and S. Panknin and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and D. Pieloth and N. Pirk and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and M. Scheel and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Sch{\"o}nherr and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and Smith, {M. W.E.} and M. Soiron and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and M. Usner and {Van Der Drift}, D. and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and R. Wasserman and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and A. Zilles and M. Zoll",
    year = "2013",
    month = "1",
    day = "7",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "87",
    journal = "Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology",
    issn = "1550-7998",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events

    AU - Abbasi, R.

    AU - Abdou, Y.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Adams, J.

    AU - Aguilar, J. A.

    AU - Ahlers, M.

    AU - Altmann, D.

    AU - Andeen, K.

    AU - Auffenberg, J.

    AU - Bai, X.

    AU - Baker, M.

    AU - Barwick, S. W.

    AU - Baum, V.

    AU - Bay, R.

    AU - Beattie, K.

    AU - Beatty, J. J.

    AU - Bechet, S.

    AU - Becker Tjus, J.

    AU - Becker, K. H.

    AU - Bell, M.

    AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

    AU - Benzvi, S.

    AU - Berdermann, J.

    AU - Berghaus, P.

    AU - Berley, D.

    AU - Bernardini, E.

    AU - Bertrand, D.

    AU - Besson, D. Z.

    AU - Bindig, D.

    AU - Bissok, M.

    AU - Blaufuss, E.

    AU - Blumenthal, J.

    AU - Boersma, D. J.

    AU - Bohm, C.

    AU - Bose, D.

    AU - Böser, S.

    AU - Botner, O.

    AU - Brayeur, L.

    AU - Brown, A. M.

    AU - Bruijn, R.

    AU - Brunner, J.

    AU - Buitink, S.

    AU - Carson, M.

    AU - Casey, J.

    AU - Casier, M.

    AU - Chirkin, D.

    AU - Christy, B.

    AU - Clevermann, F.

    AU - Cohen, S.

    AU - Cowen, D. F.

    AU - Cruz Silva, A. H.

    AU - Danninger, M.

    AU - Daughhetee, J.

    AU - Davis, J. C.

    AU - De Clercq, C.

    AU - Descamps, F.

    AU - Desiati, P.

    AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

    AU - Deyoung, T.

    AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

    AU - Dreyer, J.

    AU - Dumm, J. P.

    AU - Dunkman, M.

    AU - Eagan, R.

    AU - Eisch, J.

    AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

    AU - Engdegård, O.

    AU - Euler, S.

    AU - Evenson, P. A.

    AU - Fadiran, O.

    AU - Fazely, A. R.

    AU - Fedynitch, A.

    AU - Feintzeig, J.

    AU - Feusels, T.

    AU - Filimonov, K.

    AU - Finley, C.

    AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

    AU - Flis, S.

    AU - Franckowiak, A.

    AU - Franke, R.

    AU - Frantzen, K.

    AU - Fuchs, T.

    AU - Gaisser, T. K.

    AU - Gallagher, J.

    AU - Gerhardt, L.

    AU - Gladstone, L.

    AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

    AU - Goldschmidt, A.

    AU - Goodman, J. A.

    AU - Góra, D.

    AU - Grant, D.

    AU - Groß, A.

    AU - Grullon, S.

    AU - Gurtner, M.

    AU - Ha, C.

    AU - Haj Ismail, A.

    AU - Hallgren, A.

    AU - Halzen, F.

    AU - Hanson, K.

    AU - Heereman, D.

    AU - Heimann, P.

    AU - Heinen, D.

    AU - Helbing, K.

    AU - Hellauer, R.

    AU - Hickford, S.

    AU - Hill, G. C.

    AU - Hoffman, K. D.

    AU - Hoffmann, R.

    AU - Homeier, A.

    AU - Hoshina, K.

    AU - Huelsnitz, W.

    AU - Hulth, P. O.

    AU - Hultqvist, K.

    AU - Hussain, S.

    AU - Ishihara, A.

    AU - Jacobi, E.

    AU - Jacobsen, J.

    AU - Japaridze, G. S.

    AU - Jlelati, O.

    AU - Kappes, A.

    AU - Karg, T.

    AU - Karle, A.

    AU - Kiryluk, J.

    AU - Kislat, F.

    AU - Kläs, J.

    AU - Klein, S. R.

    AU - Köhne, J. H.

    AU - Kohnen, G.

    AU - Kolanoski, H.

    AU - Köpke, L.

    AU - Kopper, C.

    AU - Kopper, S.

    AU - Koskinen, D. J.

    AU - Kowalski, M.

    AU - Krasberg, M.

    AU - Kroll, G.

    AU - Kunnen, J.

    AU - Kurahashi, N.

    AU - Kuwabara, T.

    AU - Labare, M.

    AU - Laihem, K.

    AU - Landsman, H.

    AU - Larson, M. J.

    AU - Lauer, R.

    AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

    AU - Lünemann, J.

    AU - Madsen, J.

    AU - Maruyama, R.

    AU - Mase, K.

    AU - Matis, H. S.

    AU - McNally, F.

    AU - Meagher, K.

    AU - Merck, M.

    AU - Mészáros, P.

    AU - Meures, T.

    AU - Miarecki, S.

    AU - Middell, E.

    AU - Milke, N.

    AU - Miller, J.

    AU - Mohrmann, L.

    AU - Montaruli, T.

    AU - Morse, R.

    AU - Movit, S. M.

    AU - Nahnhauer, R.

    AU - Naumann, U.

    AU - Nowicki, S. C.

    AU - Nygren, D. R.

    AU - Obertacke, A.

    AU - Odrowski, S.

    AU - Olivas, A.

    AU - Olivo, M.

    AU - O'Murchadha, A.

    AU - Panknin, S.

    AU - Paul, L.

    AU - Pepper, J. A.

    AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

    AU - Pieloth, D.

    AU - Pirk, N.

    AU - Posselt, J.

    AU - Price, P. B.

    AU - Przybylski, G. T.

    AU - Rädel, L.

    AU - Rawlins, K.

    AU - Redl, P.

    AU - Resconi, E.

    AU - Rhode, W.

    AU - Ribordy, M.

    AU - Richman, M.

    AU - Riedel, B.

    AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

    AU - Rothmaier, F.

    AU - Rott, C.

    AU - Ruhe, T.

    AU - Ruzybayev, B.

    AU - Ryckbosch, D.

    AU - Saba, S. M.

    AU - Salameh, T.

    AU - Sander, H. G.

    AU - Santander, M.

    AU - Sarkar, S.

    AU - Schatto, K.

    AU - Scheel, M.

    AU - Scheriau, F.

    AU - Schmidt, T.

    AU - Schmitz, M.

    AU - Schoenen, S.

    AU - Schöneberg, S.

    AU - Schönherr, L.

    AU - Schönwald, A.

    AU - Schukraft, A.

    AU - Schulte, L.

    AU - Schulz, O.

    AU - Seckel, D.

    AU - Seo, S. H.

    AU - Sestayo, Y.

    AU - Seunarine, S.

    AU - Smith, M. W.E.

    AU - Soiron, M.

    AU - Soldin, D.

    AU - Spiczak, G. M.

    AU - Spiering, C.

    AU - Stamatikos, M.

    AU - Stanev, T.

    AU - Stasik, A.

    AU - Stezelberger, T.

    AU - Stokstad, R. G.

    AU - Stößl, A.

    AU - Strahler, E. A.

    AU - Ström, R.

    AU - Sullivan, G. W.

    AU - Taavola, H.

    AU - Taboada, I.

    AU - Tamburro, A.

    AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

    AU - Tilav, S.

    AU - Toale, P. A.

    AU - Toscano, S.

    AU - Usner, M.

    AU - Van Der Drift, D.

    AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

    AU - Van Overloop, A.

    AU - Van Santen, J.

    AU - Vehring, M.

    AU - Voge, M.

    AU - Walck, C.

    AU - Waldenmaier, T.

    AU - Wallraff, M.

    AU - Walter, M.

    AU - Wasserman, R.

    AU - Weaver, Ch

    AU - Wendt, C.

    AU - Westerhoff, S.

    AU - Whitehorn, N.

    AU - Wiebe, K.

    AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

    AU - Williams, D. R.

    AU - Wissing, H.

    AU - Wolf, M.

    AU - Wood, T. R.

    AU - Woschnagg, K.

    AU - Xu, C.

    AU - Xu, D. L.

    AU - Xu, X. W.

    AU - Yanez, J. P.

    AU - Yodh, G.

    AU - Yoshida, S.

    AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

    AU - Ziemann, J.

    AU - Zilles, A.

    AU - Zoll, M.

    PY - 2013/1/7

    Y1 - 2013/1/7

    N2 - In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high pT (>2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard pT component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.

    AB - In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high pT (>2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard pT component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872227105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872227105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005

    M3 - Article

    VL - 87

    JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    SN - 1550-7998

    IS - 1

    M1 - 012005

    ER -