Laser scan-based structural assessment of wrought iron bridges: Guinness Bridge, Ireland

Nora Gyetvai, Linh Truong-Hong, Debra Laefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper introduces a workflow to create the geometric documents for conducting the finite-element-based structural assessment of wrought iron bridges using laser scanning data as the input dataset. First, a methodology for identifying actual cross-sections of the bridge components based on a point cloud obtained from a terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) is presented. Next, a non-parametric regression kernel density estimation is employed to determine overall bridge dimensions to populate a computational model by projecting the position of the web and/or flange surface of the cross-section (appearing as local maximum peaks of a probability density shape). The process is demonstrated with respect to the previously undocumented Guinness Bridge in Dublin, Ireland, to determine the bridge's behaviour. The successful generation of this model proves that TLS can surpass other common techniques (e.g. unmanned aerial vehicle-based images) for acquiring the bridge geometry necessary for reconstructing accurate member cross-sections and overall bridge dimensions, regarding the quantity and quality of the data points, and timing. The finite-element analysis showed that the bridge currently satisfies both strength and serviceability requirements under self-weight but would be unlikely to support a new slab and a modern pedestrian load level as per current code requirements for reopening the bridge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-89
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering History and Heritage
Volume171
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 2018

Fingerprint

Wrought iron
Lasers
Bridge components
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Flanges
Scanning
Finite element method

Keywords

  • Bridges
  • Conservation
  • Maintenance & inspection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Laser scan-based structural assessment of wrought iron bridges : Guinness Bridge, Ireland. / Gyetvai, Nora; Truong-Hong, Linh; Laefer, Debra.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering History and Heritage, Vol. 171, No. 2, 23.02.2018, p. 76-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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