Abstract. The fluorescence yield, φ, as a function of single picosecond laser pulse intensity was experimentally studied in spinach chloroplasts and for chlorophyll a in ethyl ether solution. The progressive decrease in φ with increasing incident intensity for in vivo chlorophyll was found to be adequately explained within the context of continuum bimolecular kinetics with a singlet‐singlet fusion rate constant of γ=5×‐9cm‐3s‐1 at room temperature. We discuss qualitatively how the fluorescence quantum yield depends on the duration and intensity of the incident pulse. The identity of φ vs l (the number of absorbed quanta) curves at the emission maxima of 685 nm and 735 nm for single picosecond pulse mode of excitation is explained within the context of Butler's tripartite model of the fluorescence of chloroplasts at 77 K. Various models relating γ to the singlet exciton diffusion coefficient and the Förster energy transfer rate are used to infer lower bounds to these physical parameters. Predictions and supporting experimental evidence for the tripartite model are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Photochemistry and Photobiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry