Large field inflation and gravitational entropy

Nemanja Kaloper, Matthew Kleban, Albion Lawrence, Martin S. Sloth

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Large field inflation can be sensitive to perturbative and nonperturbative quantum corrections that spoil slow roll. A large number N of light species in the theory, which occur in many string constructions, can amplify these problems. One might even worry that in a de Sitter background, light species will lead to a violation of the covariant entropy bound at large N. If so, requiring the validity of the covariant entropy bound could limit the number of light species and their couplings, which in turn could severely constrain axion-driven inflation. Here we show that there is no such problem when we correctly renormalize models with many light species, taking the physical Planck scale to be Mpl2 NMUV2, where MUV is the cutoff for the quantum field theory coupled to semiclassical quantum gravity. The number of light species then cancels out of the gravitational entropy of de Sitter or near-de Sitter backgrounds at leading order. Working in detail with N scalar fields in de Sitter space, renormalized to one loop order, we show that the gravitational entropy automatically obeys the covariant entropy bound. Furthermore, while the axion decay constant is a strong coupling scale for the axion dynamics, we show that it is not in general the cutoff of 4d semiclassical gravity. After renormalizing the two point function of the inflaton, we note that it is also controlled by scales much below the cutoff. We revisit N-flation and Kachru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi-type compactifications in this light, and show that they are perfectly consistent with the covariant entropy bound. Thus, while quantum gravity might yet spoil large field inflation, holographic considerations in the semiclassical theory do not obstruct it.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number043510
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume93
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 8 2016

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    entropy
    cut-off
    gravitation
    strings
    scalars
    decay

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Large field inflation and gravitational entropy. / Kaloper, Nemanja; Kleban, Matthew; Lawrence, Albion; Sloth, Martin S.

    In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 93, No. 4, 043510, 08.02.2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kaloper, Nemanja ; Kleban, Matthew ; Lawrence, Albion ; Sloth, Martin S. / Large field inflation and gravitational entropy. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2016 ; Vol. 93, No. 4.
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