Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines

M. C. Palmer, T. D. O'Rourke, H. E. Stewart, M. J. O'Rourke, M. Symans, Tarek Abdoun

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Unique test facilities have been constructed at Cornell University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) as part of Phase 2 of the George E. Brown Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) of the National Science Foundation. This paper describes the experimental facilities, which consist of large-scale equipment at Cornell to test for soil-pipeline interaction at dimensions consistent with those used in the field and split-box experimental devices that are deployed in the RPI centrifuge. The paper describes the experimental plan for systematically evaluating lifeline response to ground rupture effects with the facilities. The paper explains how the large-scale test facility at Cornell is being used to move and place as much as 100 tons of sand per test under exacting conditions of density and moisture control. Soil for the large-scale facility is chosen to be well-graded, glacio-fluvial coarse sand, which is representative of typical pipeline backfill, whereas the centrifuge sand is a fine, uniform sand derived from the glacio-fluvial deposit. The methods for preparing and testing the two sands to have similar strengths and moisture contents, but differing grain size characteristics, are explained. The program for industrial collaboration and use of the facilities for advanced sensor and robotics development are also discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publication8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006
    Pages5766-5774
    Number of pages9
    Volume10
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
    Event8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006 - San Francisco, CA, United States
    Duration: Apr 18 2006Apr 22 2006

    Other

    Other8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Francisco, CA
    Period4/18/064/22/06

    Fingerprint

    Soil structure interactions
    soil-structure interaction
    Test facilities
    Sand
    sand
    Centrifuges
    centrifuge
    Pipelines
    Moisture control
    Soils
    earthquake engineering
    backfill
    robotics
    fluvial deposit
    rupture
    moisture content
    Robotics
    Moisture
    Deposits
    grain size

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

    Cite this

    Palmer, M. C., O'Rourke, T. D., Stewart, H. E., O'Rourke, M. J., Symans, M., & Abdoun, T. (2006). Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines. In 8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006 (Vol. 10, pp. 5766-5774)

    Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines. / Palmer, M. C.; O'Rourke, T. D.; Stewart, H. E.; O'Rourke, M. J.; Symans, M.; Abdoun, Tarek.

    8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006. Vol. 10 2006. p. 5766-5774.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Palmer, MC, O'Rourke, TD, Stewart, HE, O'Rourke, MJ, Symans, M & Abdoun, T 2006, Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines. in 8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006. vol. 10, pp. 5766-5774, 8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006, San Francisco, CA, United States, 4/18/06.
    Palmer MC, O'Rourke TD, Stewart HE, O'Rourke MJ, Symans M, Abdoun T. Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines. In 8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006. Vol. 10. 2006. p. 5766-5774
    Palmer, M. C. ; O'Rourke, T. D. ; Stewart, H. E. ; O'Rourke, M. J. ; Symans, M. ; Abdoun, Tarek. / Large displacement soil-structure interaction test facility for lifelines. 8th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2006. Vol. 10 2006. pp. 5766-5774
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