Land Reclamation in the Arabian Gulf: Security, Environment, and Legal Issues

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of reclamation developments constructed in the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain during the past decade. Although the effects of land reclamation have been studied from an environmental perspective, the potential for land reclamation to contribute to domestic and inter-state tensions in the Gulf has been under-researched and therefore has not been factored into policy decisions governing the scope and scale of offshore expansion. The paper draws on international legal precedent and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to consider the legality of land reclamation in enclosed maritime areas and to argue in favour of the modernization and enforcement of existing legal standards as a means of restricting the practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-52
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Arabian Studies
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Fingerprint

Bahrain
United Arab Emirates
legality
modernization
UNO
Law
Reclamation
Arabian Gulf
Enforcement
United Nations
Law of the Sea
Modernization

Keywords

  • Arabian Gulf
  • Bahrain
  • environment
  • International Court of Justice
  • Iran
  • Land reclamation
  • offshore developments
  • Persian Gulf
  • Qatar
  • Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment
  • UAE
  • UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Land Reclamation in the Arabian Gulf : Security, Environment, and Legal Issues. / Fakhro, Elham.

In: Journal of Arabian Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.06.2013, p. 36-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a62663e67213462182d523afc781a4f1,
title = "Land Reclamation in the Arabian Gulf: Security, Environment, and Legal Issues",
abstract = "This paper provides an overview of reclamation developments constructed in the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain during the past decade. Although the effects of land reclamation have been studied from an environmental perspective, the potential for land reclamation to contribute to domestic and inter-state tensions in the Gulf has been under-researched and therefore has not been factored into policy decisions governing the scope and scale of offshore expansion. The paper draws on international legal precedent and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to consider the legality of land reclamation in enclosed maritime areas and to argue in favour of the modernization and enforcement of existing legal standards as a means of restricting the practice.",
keywords = "Arabian Gulf, Bahrain, environment, International Court of Justice, Iran, Land reclamation, offshore developments, Persian Gulf, Qatar, Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment, UAE, UN Convention on the Law of the Sea",
author = "Elham Fakhro",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/21534764.2013.802940",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "36--52",
journal = "Journal of Arabian Studies",
issn = "2153-4780",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Land Reclamation in the Arabian Gulf

T2 - Security, Environment, and Legal Issues

AU - Fakhro, Elham

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - This paper provides an overview of reclamation developments constructed in the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain during the past decade. Although the effects of land reclamation have been studied from an environmental perspective, the potential for land reclamation to contribute to domestic and inter-state tensions in the Gulf has been under-researched and therefore has not been factored into policy decisions governing the scope and scale of offshore expansion. The paper draws on international legal precedent and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to consider the legality of land reclamation in enclosed maritime areas and to argue in favour of the modernization and enforcement of existing legal standards as a means of restricting the practice.

AB - This paper provides an overview of reclamation developments constructed in the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain during the past decade. Although the effects of land reclamation have been studied from an environmental perspective, the potential for land reclamation to contribute to domestic and inter-state tensions in the Gulf has been under-researched and therefore has not been factored into policy decisions governing the scope and scale of offshore expansion. The paper draws on international legal precedent and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to consider the legality of land reclamation in enclosed maritime areas and to argue in favour of the modernization and enforcement of existing legal standards as a means of restricting the practice.

KW - Arabian Gulf

KW - Bahrain

KW - environment

KW - International Court of Justice

KW - Iran

KW - Land reclamation

KW - offshore developments

KW - Persian Gulf

KW - Qatar

KW - Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment

KW - UAE

KW - UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066458351&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066458351&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/21534764.2013.802940

DO - 10.1080/21534764.2013.802940

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066458351

VL - 3

SP - 36

EP - 52

JO - Journal of Arabian Studies

JF - Journal of Arabian Studies

SN - 2153-4780

IS - 1

ER -