Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish

Prakash C. Thakur, Carsten Stuckenholz, Marcus R. Rivera, Jon M. Davison, Jeffrey K. Yao, Adam Amsterdam, Kirsten Sadler Edepli, Nathan Bahary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hepatic steatosis is the initial stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may predispose to more severe hepatic disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been recently implicated as a novel mechanism that may lead to NAFLD, although the genetic factors invoking ER stress are largely unknown. During a screen for liver defects from a zebrafish insertional mutant library, we isolated the mutant cdipthi559Tg/+ (hi559). CDIPT is known to play an indispensable role in phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) synthesis. Here we show that cdipt is expressed in the developing liver, and its disruption in hi559 mutants abrogates de novo PtdIns synthesis, resulting in hepatomegaly at 5 days postfertilization. The hi559 hepatocytes display features of NAFLD, including macrovesicular steatosis, ballooning, and necroapoptosis. Gene set enrichment of microarray profiling revealed significant enrichment of endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) genes in hi559 mutants. ER stress markers, including atf6, hspa5, calr, and xbp1, are selectively up-regulated in the mutant liver. The hi559 expression profile showed significant overlap with that of mammalian hepatic ER stress and NAFLD. Ultrastructurally, the hi559 hepatocytes display marked disruption of ER architecture with hallmarks of chronic unresolved ER stress. Induction of ER stress by tunicamycin in wild-type larvae results in a fatty liver similar to hi559, suggesting that ER stress could be a fundamental mechanism contributing to hepatic steatosis. Conclusion: cdipt-deficient zebrafish exhibit hepatic ER stress and NAFLD pathologies, implicating a novel link between PtdIns, ER stress, and steatosis. The tractability of hi559 mutant provides a valuable tool to dissect ERSR components, their contribution to molecular pathogenesis, and evaluation of novel therapeutics of NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-462
Number of pages11
JournalHepatology
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Fingerprint

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
Zebrafish
Phosphatidylinositols
Liver
Hepatocytes
Tunicamycin
Hepatomegaly
Fatty Liver
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Genes
Larva
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Thakur, P. C., Stuckenholz, C., Rivera, M. R., Davison, J. M., Yao, J. K., Amsterdam, A., ... Bahary, N. (2011). Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish. Hepatology, 54(2), 452-462. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.24349

Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish. / Thakur, Prakash C.; Stuckenholz, Carsten; Rivera, Marcus R.; Davison, Jon M.; Yao, Jeffrey K.; Amsterdam, Adam; Sadler Edepli, Kirsten; Bahary, Nathan.

In: Hepatology, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.08.2011, p. 452-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thakur, Prakash C. ; Stuckenholz, Carsten ; Rivera, Marcus R. ; Davison, Jon M. ; Yao, Jeffrey K. ; Amsterdam, Adam ; Sadler Edepli, Kirsten ; Bahary, Nathan. / Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish. In: Hepatology. 2011 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 452-462.
@article{ef74346abb84401e9ddb4dba877ca183,
title = "Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish",
abstract = "Hepatic steatosis is the initial stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may predispose to more severe hepatic disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been recently implicated as a novel mechanism that may lead to NAFLD, although the genetic factors invoking ER stress are largely unknown. During a screen for liver defects from a zebrafish insertional mutant library, we isolated the mutant cdipthi559Tg/+ (hi559). CDIPT is known to play an indispensable role in phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) synthesis. Here we show that cdipt is expressed in the developing liver, and its disruption in hi559 mutants abrogates de novo PtdIns synthesis, resulting in hepatomegaly at 5 days postfertilization. The hi559 hepatocytes display features of NAFLD, including macrovesicular steatosis, ballooning, and necroapoptosis. Gene set enrichment of microarray profiling revealed significant enrichment of endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) genes in hi559 mutants. ER stress markers, including atf6, hspa5, calr, and xbp1, are selectively up-regulated in the mutant liver. The hi559 expression profile showed significant overlap with that of mammalian hepatic ER stress and NAFLD. Ultrastructurally, the hi559 hepatocytes display marked disruption of ER architecture with hallmarks of chronic unresolved ER stress. Induction of ER stress by tunicamycin in wild-type larvae results in a fatty liver similar to hi559, suggesting that ER stress could be a fundamental mechanism contributing to hepatic steatosis. Conclusion: cdipt-deficient zebrafish exhibit hepatic ER stress and NAFLD pathologies, implicating a novel link between PtdIns, ER stress, and steatosis. The tractability of hi559 mutant provides a valuable tool to dissect ERSR components, their contribution to molecular pathogenesis, and evaluation of novel therapeutics of NAFLD.",
author = "Thakur, {Prakash C.} and Carsten Stuckenholz and Rivera, {Marcus R.} and Davison, {Jon M.} and Yao, {Jeffrey K.} and Adam Amsterdam and {Sadler Edepli}, Kirsten and Nathan Bahary",
year = "2011",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/hep.24349",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "452--462",
journal = "Hepatology",
issn = "0270-9139",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lack of de novo phosphatidylinositol synthesis leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic steatosis in cdipt-deficient zebrafish

AU - Thakur, Prakash C.

AU - Stuckenholz, Carsten

AU - Rivera, Marcus R.

AU - Davison, Jon M.

AU - Yao, Jeffrey K.

AU - Amsterdam, Adam

AU - Sadler Edepli, Kirsten

AU - Bahary, Nathan

PY - 2011/8/1

Y1 - 2011/8/1

N2 - Hepatic steatosis is the initial stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may predispose to more severe hepatic disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been recently implicated as a novel mechanism that may lead to NAFLD, although the genetic factors invoking ER stress are largely unknown. During a screen for liver defects from a zebrafish insertional mutant library, we isolated the mutant cdipthi559Tg/+ (hi559). CDIPT is known to play an indispensable role in phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) synthesis. Here we show that cdipt is expressed in the developing liver, and its disruption in hi559 mutants abrogates de novo PtdIns synthesis, resulting in hepatomegaly at 5 days postfertilization. The hi559 hepatocytes display features of NAFLD, including macrovesicular steatosis, ballooning, and necroapoptosis. Gene set enrichment of microarray profiling revealed significant enrichment of endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) genes in hi559 mutants. ER stress markers, including atf6, hspa5, calr, and xbp1, are selectively up-regulated in the mutant liver. The hi559 expression profile showed significant overlap with that of mammalian hepatic ER stress and NAFLD. Ultrastructurally, the hi559 hepatocytes display marked disruption of ER architecture with hallmarks of chronic unresolved ER stress. Induction of ER stress by tunicamycin in wild-type larvae results in a fatty liver similar to hi559, suggesting that ER stress could be a fundamental mechanism contributing to hepatic steatosis. Conclusion: cdipt-deficient zebrafish exhibit hepatic ER stress and NAFLD pathologies, implicating a novel link between PtdIns, ER stress, and steatosis. The tractability of hi559 mutant provides a valuable tool to dissect ERSR components, their contribution to molecular pathogenesis, and evaluation of novel therapeutics of NAFLD.

AB - Hepatic steatosis is the initial stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may predispose to more severe hepatic disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been recently implicated as a novel mechanism that may lead to NAFLD, although the genetic factors invoking ER stress are largely unknown. During a screen for liver defects from a zebrafish insertional mutant library, we isolated the mutant cdipthi559Tg/+ (hi559). CDIPT is known to play an indispensable role in phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) synthesis. Here we show that cdipt is expressed in the developing liver, and its disruption in hi559 mutants abrogates de novo PtdIns synthesis, resulting in hepatomegaly at 5 days postfertilization. The hi559 hepatocytes display features of NAFLD, including macrovesicular steatosis, ballooning, and necroapoptosis. Gene set enrichment of microarray profiling revealed significant enrichment of endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) genes in hi559 mutants. ER stress markers, including atf6, hspa5, calr, and xbp1, are selectively up-regulated in the mutant liver. The hi559 expression profile showed significant overlap with that of mammalian hepatic ER stress and NAFLD. Ultrastructurally, the hi559 hepatocytes display marked disruption of ER architecture with hallmarks of chronic unresolved ER stress. Induction of ER stress by tunicamycin in wild-type larvae results in a fatty liver similar to hi559, suggesting that ER stress could be a fundamental mechanism contributing to hepatic steatosis. Conclusion: cdipt-deficient zebrafish exhibit hepatic ER stress and NAFLD pathologies, implicating a novel link between PtdIns, ER stress, and steatosis. The tractability of hi559 mutant provides a valuable tool to dissect ERSR components, their contribution to molecular pathogenesis, and evaluation of novel therapeutics of NAFLD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79960739850&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79960739850&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/hep.24349

DO - 10.1002/hep.24349

M3 - Article

C2 - 21488074

AN - SCOPUS:79960739850

VL - 54

SP - 452

EP - 462

JO - Hepatology

JF - Hepatology

SN - 0270-9139

IS - 2

ER -