Lack of compactness in the 2D critical Sobolev embedding, the general case

Hajer Bahouri, Mohamed Majdoub, Nader Masmoudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper is devoted to the description of the lack of compactness of the Sobolev embedding of H1(R2) in the critical Orlicz space L(R2). It turns out that up to cores our result is expressed in terms of the concentration-type examples derived by J. Moser in Moser (1971) [44] as in the radial setting investigated in Bahouri et al. (2011) [12]. However, the analysis we used in this work is strikingly different from the one conducted in the radial case which is based on an L estimate far away from the origin and which is no longer valid in the general framework. Within the general framework of H1(R2), the strategy we adopted to build the profile decomposition in terms of examples by Moser concentrated around cores is based on capacity arguments and relies on an extraction process of mass concentrations. The essential ingredient to extract cores consists in proving by contradiction that if the mass responsible for the lack of compactness of the Sobolev embedding in the Orlicz space is scattered, then the energy used would exceed that of the starting sequence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-457
Number of pages43
JournalJournal des Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014



  • Capacity
  • Lack of compactness
  • Orlicz space
  • Schwarz symmetrization
  • Sobolev critical exponent
  • Trudinger-Moser inequality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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