Kinematics of Magnetic Bright Features in the Solar Photosphere

S. Jafarzadeh, S. K. Solanki, R. H. Cameron, P. Barthol, J. Blanco Rodríguez, J. C.Del Toro Iniesta, A. Gandorfer, Laurent Gizon, J. Hirzberger, M. Knölker, V. Martínez Pillet, D. Orozco Suárez, T. L. Riethmüller, W. Schmidt, M. Van Noort

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Abstract

Convective flows are known as the prime means of transporting magnetic fields on the solar surface. Thus, small magnetic structures are good tracers of turbulent flows. We study the migration and dispersal of magnetic bright features (MBFs) in intergranular areas observed at high spatial resolution with Sunrise/IMaX. We describe the flux dispersal of individual MBFs as a diffusion process whose parameters are computed for various areas in the quiet-Sun and the vicinity of active regions from seeing-free data. We find that magnetic concentrations are best described as random walkers close to network areas (diffusion index, γ = 1.0), travelers with constant speeds over a supergranule (γ = 1.9-2.0), and decelerating movers in the vicinity of flux emergence and/or within active regions (γ 1.4-1.5). The three types of regions host MBFs with mean diffusion coefficients of 130 km2 s-1, 80-90 km2 s-1, and 25-70 km2 s-1, respectively. The MBFs in these three types of regions are found to display a distinct kinematic behavior at a confidence level in excess of 95%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume229
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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Keywords

  • methods: observational
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: photosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Jafarzadeh, S., Solanki, S. K., Cameron, R. H., Barthol, P., Rodríguez, J. B., Iniesta, J. C. D. T., Gandorfer, A., Gizon, L., Hirzberger, J., Knölker, M., Pillet, V. M., Suárez, D. O., Riethmüller, T. L., Schmidt, W., & Noort, M. V. (2017). Kinematics of Magnetic Bright Features in the Solar Photosphere. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 229(1), [8]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/8