Kant on a priori concepts: The metaphysical deduction of the categories

Beatrice Longuenesse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In Chapter One of the Transcendental Analytic in the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant establishes a table of the categories, or pure concepts of the understanding, according to the “leading thread” of a table of the logical forms of judgment. He proclaims that this achievement takes after and improves upon Aristotle's own endeavor in offering a list of categories, which Aristotle took to define the most general kinds of being. Kant claims that his table is superior to Aristotle's list in that it is grounded on a systematic principle. This principle is also what will eventually ground, in the Transcendental Deduction, the a priori justification of the objective validity of the categories: a justification of the claim that all objects (as long as they are objects of a possible experience) do fall under those categories. Kant's self-proclaimed achievement is the second main step in his effort to answer the question: “How are synthetic a priori judgments possible?” The first step was the argument offered in the Transcendental Aesthetic, to the effect that space and time are a priori forms of intuition. As such, Kant argued, they make possible judgments (propositions) whose claim to truth is justified a priori by the universal features of our intuitions. Such propositions are thus both synthetic and a priori.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages129-168
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9781139001144
ISBN (Print)052182303X, 9780521823036
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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Immanuel Kant
Deduction
Metaphysical
Aristotle
Transcendental
Justification
Intuition
Synthetic a Priori
Transcendental Deduction
Critique of Pure Reason
Logical Form
Aesthetics
Aristotle's Categories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Longuenesse, B. (2006). Kant on a priori concepts: The metaphysical deduction of the categories. In The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy (pp. 129-168). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL052182303X.005

Kant on a priori concepts : The metaphysical deduction of the categories. / Longuenesse, Beatrice.

The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 2006. p. 129-168.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Longuenesse, B 2006, Kant on a priori concepts: The metaphysical deduction of the categories. in The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, pp. 129-168. https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL052182303X.005
Longuenesse B. Kant on a priori concepts: The metaphysical deduction of the categories. In The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 2006. p. 129-168 https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL052182303X.005
Longuenesse, Beatrice. / Kant on a priori concepts : The metaphysical deduction of the categories. The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 2006. pp. 129-168
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