Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS)

A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services

the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, a cooperative implementation science initiative involving the National Institute on Drug Abuse, six research centers, a coordinating center, and Juvenile Justice Partners representing seven US states. While the pooling of resources across centers enables a robust implementation study design involving 36 juvenile justice agencies and their behavioral health partner agencies, co-producing a study protocol that has potential to advance implementation science, meets the needs of all constituencies (funding agency, researchers, partners, study sites), and can be implemented with fidelity across the cooperative can be challenging. This paper describes (a) the study background and rationale, including the juvenile justice context and best practices for substance use disorders, (b) the selection and use of an implementation science framework to guide study design and inform selection of implementation components, and (c) the specific study design elements, including research questions, implementation interventions, measurement, and analytic plan. Methods/design: The JJ-TRIALS primary study uses a head-to-head cluster randomized trial with a phased rollout to evaluate the differential effectiveness of two conditions (Core and Enhanced) in 36 sites located in seven states. A Core strategy for promoting change is compared to an Enhanced strategy that incorporates all core strategies plus active facilitation. Target outcomes include improvements in evidence-based screening, assessment, and linkage to substance use treatment. Discussion: Contributions to implementation science are discussed as well as challenges associated with designing and deploying a complex, collaborative project. Trial registration:NCT02672150.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalImplementation Science
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2016

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Translational Medical Research
Social Justice
National Institute on Drug Abuse (U.S.)
Practice Guidelines
Research
Substance-Related Disorders
Research Personnel
Health

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cluster randomized trial
  • Data-driven decision-making
  • Evidence-based practice implementation
  • Interagency collaboration
  • Justice-involved youth
  • Juvenile justice
  • Substance use
  • System change
  • Treatment services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{3b57fdea9e314073994fb80ef43a38d3,
title = "Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS): A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services",
abstract = "Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, a cooperative implementation science initiative involving the National Institute on Drug Abuse, six research centers, a coordinating center, and Juvenile Justice Partners representing seven US states. While the pooling of resources across centers enables a robust implementation study design involving 36 juvenile justice agencies and their behavioral health partner agencies, co-producing a study protocol that has potential to advance implementation science, meets the needs of all constituencies (funding agency, researchers, partners, study sites), and can be implemented with fidelity across the cooperative can be challenging. This paper describes (a) the study background and rationale, including the juvenile justice context and best practices for substance use disorders, (b) the selection and use of an implementation science framework to guide study design and inform selection of implementation components, and (c) the specific study design elements, including research questions, implementation interventions, measurement, and analytic plan. Methods/design: The JJ-TRIALS primary study uses a head-to-head cluster randomized trial with a phased rollout to evaluate the differential effectiveness of two conditions (Core and Enhanced) in 36 sites located in seven states. A Core strategy for promoting change is compared to an Enhanced strategy that incorporates all core strategies plus active facilitation. Target outcomes include improvements in evidence-based screening, assessment, and linkage to substance use treatment. Discussion: Contributions to implementation science are discussed as well as challenges associated with designing and deploying a complex, collaborative project. Trial registration:NCT02672150.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Cluster randomized trial, Data-driven decision-making, Evidence-based practice implementation, Interagency collaboration, Justice-involved youth, Juvenile justice, Substance use, System change, Treatment services",
author = "{the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative} and Knight, {Danica K.} and Steven Belenko and Tisha Wiley and Robertson, {Angela A.} and Nancy Arrigona and Michael Dennis and Bartkowski, {John P.} and McReynolds, {Larkin S.} and Becan, {Jennifer E.} and Knudsen, {Hannah K.} and Wasserman, {Gail A.} and Eve Rose and Ralph DiClemente and Carl Leukefeld and Gene Brody and Margaret Cawood and Redonna Chandler and Richard Dembo and Patti Donohue and Lori Ducharme and Kelly Hammersley and Veronica Koontz and James Maccarone and Chris Scott and Faye Taxman and Greg Aarons and Connie Baird-Thomas and Diana Bowser and Brown, {C. Hendricks} and Kate Elkington and Barbara Estrada and Leah Hamilton and Phil Harris and Matthew Hiller and Aaron Hogue and Ingrid Johnson and Kathryn McCollister and Cori Miles and Kate Moritz and Jon Morgenstern and Alexis Nager and Elise Ozbardakci and Jennifer Pankow and Jessica Sales and Michele Staton-Tindall and Anne Spaulding and Doris Weiland and Wayne Welsh and Jennifer Wood and Marsha Zibalese-Crawford",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
journal = "Implementation Science",
issn = "1748-5908",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS)

T2 - A cluster randomized trial targeting system-wide improvement in substance use services

AU - the JJ-TRIALS Cooperative

AU - Knight, Danica K.

AU - Belenko, Steven

AU - Wiley, Tisha

AU - Robertson, Angela A.

AU - Arrigona, Nancy

AU - Dennis, Michael

AU - Bartkowski, John P.

AU - McReynolds, Larkin S.

AU - Becan, Jennifer E.

AU - Knudsen, Hannah K.

AU - Wasserman, Gail A.

AU - Rose, Eve

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

AU - Leukefeld, Carl

AU - Brody, Gene

AU - Cawood, Margaret

AU - Chandler, Redonna

AU - Dembo, Richard

AU - Donohue, Patti

AU - Ducharme, Lori

AU - Hammersley, Kelly

AU - Koontz, Veronica

AU - Maccarone, James

AU - Scott, Chris

AU - Taxman, Faye

AU - Aarons, Greg

AU - Baird-Thomas, Connie

AU - Bowser, Diana

AU - Brown, C. Hendricks

AU - Elkington, Kate

AU - Estrada, Barbara

AU - Hamilton, Leah

AU - Harris, Phil

AU - Hiller, Matthew

AU - Hogue, Aaron

AU - Johnson, Ingrid

AU - McCollister, Kathryn

AU - Miles, Cori

AU - Moritz, Kate

AU - Morgenstern, Jon

AU - Nager, Alexis

AU - Ozbardakci, Elise

AU - Pankow, Jennifer

AU - Sales, Jessica

AU - Staton-Tindall, Michele

AU - Spaulding, Anne

AU - Weiland, Doris

AU - Welsh, Wayne

AU - Wood, Jennifer

AU - Zibalese-Crawford, Marsha

PY - 2016/4/29

Y1 - 2016/4/29

N2 - Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, a cooperative implementation science initiative involving the National Institute on Drug Abuse, six research centers, a coordinating center, and Juvenile Justice Partners representing seven US states. While the pooling of resources across centers enables a robust implementation study design involving 36 juvenile justice agencies and their behavioral health partner agencies, co-producing a study protocol that has potential to advance implementation science, meets the needs of all constituencies (funding agency, researchers, partners, study sites), and can be implemented with fidelity across the cooperative can be challenging. This paper describes (a) the study background and rationale, including the juvenile justice context and best practices for substance use disorders, (b) the selection and use of an implementation science framework to guide study design and inform selection of implementation components, and (c) the specific study design elements, including research questions, implementation interventions, measurement, and analytic plan. Methods/design: The JJ-TRIALS primary study uses a head-to-head cluster randomized trial with a phased rollout to evaluate the differential effectiveness of two conditions (Core and Enhanced) in 36 sites located in seven states. A Core strategy for promoting change is compared to an Enhanced strategy that incorporates all core strategies plus active facilitation. Target outcomes include improvements in evidence-based screening, assessment, and linkage to substance use treatment. Discussion: Contributions to implementation science are discussed as well as challenges associated with designing and deploying a complex, collaborative project. Trial registration:NCT02672150.

AB - Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, a cooperative implementation science initiative involving the National Institute on Drug Abuse, six research centers, a coordinating center, and Juvenile Justice Partners representing seven US states. While the pooling of resources across centers enables a robust implementation study design involving 36 juvenile justice agencies and their behavioral health partner agencies, co-producing a study protocol that has potential to advance implementation science, meets the needs of all constituencies (funding agency, researchers, partners, study sites), and can be implemented with fidelity across the cooperative can be challenging. This paper describes (a) the study background and rationale, including the juvenile justice context and best practices for substance use disorders, (b) the selection and use of an implementation science framework to guide study design and inform selection of implementation components, and (c) the specific study design elements, including research questions, implementation interventions, measurement, and analytic plan. Methods/design: The JJ-TRIALS primary study uses a head-to-head cluster randomized trial with a phased rollout to evaluate the differential effectiveness of two conditions (Core and Enhanced) in 36 sites located in seven states. A Core strategy for promoting change is compared to an Enhanced strategy that incorporates all core strategies plus active facilitation. Target outcomes include improvements in evidence-based screening, assessment, and linkage to substance use treatment. Discussion: Contributions to implementation science are discussed as well as challenges associated with designing and deploying a complex, collaborative project. Trial registration:NCT02672150.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Cluster randomized trial

KW - Data-driven decision-making

KW - Evidence-based practice implementation

KW - Interagency collaboration

KW - Justice-involved youth

KW - Juvenile justice

KW - Substance use

KW - System change

KW - Treatment services

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84967316109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5

DO - 10.1186/s13012-016-0423-5

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Implementation Science

JF - Implementation Science

SN - 1748-5908

IS - 1

M1 - 57

ER -