Job Mobility as a New Explanation for the Immigrant-Native Wage Gap: A Longitudinal Analysis of the German Labor Market1

Hanna Brenzel, Malte Reichelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In industrialized countries, wages between migrants and natives usually differ. Previous studies that mostly focused on human capital theory and cross-sectional wage differences failed to fully explain the wage gap. We offer a new explanation and assume that differences in the employment trajectories of migrants and natives contribute to diverging wages after labor market entrance. Utilizing longitudinal data for Germany, we analyze the job mobility of migrants and natives and distinguish among voluntary, involuntary, and internal job changes. Indeed, we find evidence for differences in transition patterns and — using several fixed-effects regressions — are able to explain a substantial part of the gap in hourly wages. The results suggest that the higher number of involuntary changes among migrants increases the wage gap. In contrast, support for more voluntary and internal job changes among migrants should help to counteract diverging earnings trajectories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-749
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Migration Review
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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wage
migrant
immigrant
labor
job change
wage difference
human capital
labor market
Wages
Immigrants
Longitudinal Analysis
Labor
regression
Migrants
evidence
Involuntary
Trajectory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Job Mobility as a New Explanation for the Immigrant-Native Wage Gap : A Longitudinal Analysis of the German Labor Market1. / Brenzel, Hanna; Reichelt, Malte.

In: International Migration Review, Vol. 52, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 724-749.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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