Irritable bowel syndrome

Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail D.Eramo Melkus, Wendy A. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches. Here, the authors review the epidemiology and pathophysiology of IBS, summarize diagnostic and treatment strategies, and discuss implications for nursing practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Nursing
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Rome criteria
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • treatment approaches

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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