Ionic polymer metal composites with polypyrrole-silver electrodes

F. Cellini, A. Grillo, Maurizio Porfiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs) are a class of soft active materials that are finding increasing application in robotics, environmental sensing, and energy harvesting. In this letter, we demonstrate the fabrication of IPMCs via in-situ photoinduced polymerization of polypyrrole-silver electrodes on an ionomeric membrane. The composition, morphology, and sheet resistance of the electrodes are extensively characterized through a range of experimental techniques. We experimentally investigate IPMC electrochemistry through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and we propose a modified Randle's model to interpret the impedance spectrum. Finally, we demonstrate in-air dynamic actuation and sensing and assess IPMC performance against more established fabrication methods. Given the simplicity of the process and the short time required for the formation of the electrodes, we envision the application of our technique in the development of a rapid prototyping technology for IPMCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number131902
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume106
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2015

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polypyrroles
silver
composite materials
electrodes
polymers
metals
impedance
rapid prototyping
fabrication
electrochemistry
robotics
actuation
polymerization
membranes
air
spectroscopy
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ionic polymer metal composites with polypyrrole-silver electrodes. / Cellini, F.; Grillo, A.; Porfiri, Maurizio.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, No. 13, 131902, 30.03.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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