Intrayear Household Income Dynamics and Adolescent School Behavior

Lisa Gennetian, Sharon Wolf, Heather D. Hill, Pamela A. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Economic life for most American households is quite dynamic. Such income instability is an understudied aspect of households’ economic contexts that may have distinct consequences for children. We examine the empirical relationship between household income instability, as measured by intrayear income change, and adolescent school behavior outcomes using a nationally representative sample of households with adolescents from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel. We find an unfavorable relationship between income instability and adolescent school behaviors after controlling for income level and a large set of child and family characteristics. Income instability is associated with a lower likelihood of adolescents being highly engaged in school across the income spectrum and predicts adolescent expulsions and suspensions, particularly among low-income, older, and racial minority adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-483
Number of pages29
JournalDemography
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Fingerprint

household income
adolescent
income
school
expulsion
economics
low income
minority
participation

Keywords

  • Adolescent school behavior
  • Household income
  • Income dynamics
  • SIPP data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

Cite this

Intrayear Household Income Dynamics and Adolescent School Behavior. / Gennetian, Lisa; Wolf, Sharon; Hill, Heather D.; Morris, Pamela A.

In: Demography, Vol. 52, No. 2, 01.04.2015, p. 455-483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gennetian, Lisa ; Wolf, Sharon ; Hill, Heather D. ; Morris, Pamela A. / Intrayear Household Income Dynamics and Adolescent School Behavior. In: Demography. 2015 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 455-483.
@article{f4a94ab392d2479d998713b21e8df9a9,
title = "Intrayear Household Income Dynamics and Adolescent School Behavior",
abstract = "Economic life for most American households is quite dynamic. Such income instability is an understudied aspect of households’ economic contexts that may have distinct consequences for children. We examine the empirical relationship between household income instability, as measured by intrayear income change, and adolescent school behavior outcomes using a nationally representative sample of households with adolescents from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel. We find an unfavorable relationship between income instability and adolescent school behaviors after controlling for income level and a large set of child and family characteristics. Income instability is associated with a lower likelihood of adolescents being highly engaged in school across the income spectrum and predicts adolescent expulsions and suspensions, particularly among low-income, older, and racial minority adolescents.",
keywords = "Adolescent school behavior, Household income, Income dynamics, SIPP data",
author = "Lisa Gennetian and Sharon Wolf and Hill, {Heather D.} and Morris, {Pamela A.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13524-015-0370-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "455--483",
journal = "Demography",
issn = "0070-3370",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intrayear Household Income Dynamics and Adolescent School Behavior

AU - Gennetian, Lisa

AU - Wolf, Sharon

AU - Hill, Heather D.

AU - Morris, Pamela A.

PY - 2015/4/1

Y1 - 2015/4/1

N2 - Economic life for most American households is quite dynamic. Such income instability is an understudied aspect of households’ economic contexts that may have distinct consequences for children. We examine the empirical relationship between household income instability, as measured by intrayear income change, and adolescent school behavior outcomes using a nationally representative sample of households with adolescents from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel. We find an unfavorable relationship between income instability and adolescent school behaviors after controlling for income level and a large set of child and family characteristics. Income instability is associated with a lower likelihood of adolescents being highly engaged in school across the income spectrum and predicts adolescent expulsions and suspensions, particularly among low-income, older, and racial minority adolescents.

AB - Economic life for most American households is quite dynamic. Such income instability is an understudied aspect of households’ economic contexts that may have distinct consequences for children. We examine the empirical relationship between household income instability, as measured by intrayear income change, and adolescent school behavior outcomes using a nationally representative sample of households with adolescents from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel. We find an unfavorable relationship between income instability and adolescent school behaviors after controlling for income level and a large set of child and family characteristics. Income instability is associated with a lower likelihood of adolescents being highly engaged in school across the income spectrum and predicts adolescent expulsions and suspensions, particularly among low-income, older, and racial minority adolescents.

KW - Adolescent school behavior

KW - Household income

KW - Income dynamics

KW - SIPP data

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939999657&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939999657&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13524-015-0370-9

DO - 10.1007/s13524-015-0370-9

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 455

EP - 483

JO - Demography

JF - Demography

SN - 0070-3370

IS - 2

ER -