Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors: Correlates of sexually transmissible infections and risky sexual behaviours among young adult African American women

Puja Seth, Jerris L. Raiford, Lashun S. Robinson, Gina M. Wingood, Ralph DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors have been associated with acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and engaging in risky sexual behaviour. The present study examined partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among an urban sample of African American women. Methods: African American women, between 18 and 29 years (n = 848), participated in the study at baseline. Participants completed a 40-min Audio Computer Assisted Survey Interview assessing sociodemographics, partner-related factors and HIV/STI-associated sexual risk behaviours. Subsequently, participants provided two vaginal swab specimens for STIs. Results: The findings indicated that risky sexual behaviours and STIs were prevalent in this sample: 35.6% reported a risky sexual partner, 65.4% reported inconsistent condom use and 17% tested positive for a laboratory-confirmed STI. Women reporting a history of intimate partner violence were more likely to report risky sexual partners (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=2.00; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.52.8), inconsistent condom use (AOR=1.60; 95% CI=1.12.3) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.46; 95% CI=0.992.1). Women reporting high partner-related barriers to condom use were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR=1.69; 95% CI=1.22.3), inconsistent condom use (AOR=2.13; 95% CI=1.53.0) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.98; 95% CI=1.33.0). Finally, women with older partners were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR=1.53; 95% CI=1.12.1) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.46; 95% CI=1.02.2). Conclusions: This study examines partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among African American women. These findings underscore the need for combined intimate partner violence and HIV/STI prevention programs for this disproportionately affected high-risk group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalSexual Health
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2010

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Sexual Behavior
African Americans
Young Adult
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Infection
Sexual Partners
Condoms
Intimate Partner Violence
HIV
Risk-Taking
Interviews

Keywords

  • Intimate partner violence
  • Sex
  • Sexually transmissible infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors : Correlates of sexually transmissible infections and risky sexual behaviours among young adult African American women. / Seth, Puja; Raiford, Jerris L.; Robinson, Lashun S.; Wingood, Gina M.; DiClemente, Ralph.

In: Sexual Health, Vol. 7, No. 1, 26.02.2010, p. 25-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wingood, Gina M.

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N2 - Background: Intimate partner violence and other partner-related factors have been associated with acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and engaging in risky sexual behaviour. The present study examined partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among an urban sample of African American women. Methods: African American women, between 18 and 29 years (n = 848), participated in the study at baseline. Participants completed a 40-min Audio Computer Assisted Survey Interview assessing sociodemographics, partner-related factors and HIV/STI-associated sexual risk behaviours. Subsequently, participants provided two vaginal swab specimens for STIs. Results: The findings indicated that risky sexual behaviours and STIs were prevalent in this sample: 35.6% reported a risky sexual partner, 65.4% reported inconsistent condom use and 17% tested positive for a laboratory-confirmed STI. Women reporting a history of intimate partner violence were more likely to report risky sexual partners (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=2.00; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.52.8), inconsistent condom use (AOR=1.60; 95% CI=1.12.3) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.46; 95% CI=0.992.1). Women reporting high partner-related barriers to condom use were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR=1.69; 95% CI=1.22.3), inconsistent condom use (AOR=2.13; 95% CI=1.53.0) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.98; 95% CI=1.33.0). Finally, women with older partners were more likely to report risky sexual partners (AOR=1.53; 95% CI=1.12.1) and test positive for an STI (AOR=1.46; 95% CI=1.02.2). Conclusions: This study examines partner-related risk factors for STIs and risky sexual behaviours among African American women. These findings underscore the need for combined intimate partner violence and HIV/STI prevention programs for this disproportionately affected high-risk group.

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