### Abstract

The interaction of electromagnetic waves with rapidly created time-varying spatially periodic plasmas is studied. The numerical results of the collisionless case show that both frequency upshifted and frequency downshifted waves are generated. Moreover, the frequency downshifted waves are trapped by the plasma when the plasma frequency is larger than the wave frequency. The trapping has the effect of dramatically enhancing the efficiency of the frequency downshift conversion process, by accumulating incident wave energy during the plasma transition period. A theory based on the wave impedance of each Floquet mode of the periodic structure is formulated, incorporating with the collisional damping of the plasma. Such a theory explains the recent experimental observations [Faith, Kuo, and Huang, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1843 (1997)] where the frequency downshifted signals were detected repetitively with considerably enhanced spectral intensities while the frequency upshifted signals were missing.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 2143-2150 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics |

Volume | 56 |

Issue number | 2 |

State | Published - Aug 1997 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

### Cite this

**Interaction of an electromagnetic wave with a rapidly created spatially periodic plasma.** / Kuo, Spencer; Faith, James.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics*, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 2143-2150.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interaction of an electromagnetic wave with a rapidly created spatially periodic plasma

AU - Kuo, Spencer

AU - Faith, James

PY - 1997/8

Y1 - 1997/8

N2 - The interaction of electromagnetic waves with rapidly created time-varying spatially periodic plasmas is studied. The numerical results of the collisionless case show that both frequency upshifted and frequency downshifted waves are generated. Moreover, the frequency downshifted waves are trapped by the plasma when the plasma frequency is larger than the wave frequency. The trapping has the effect of dramatically enhancing the efficiency of the frequency downshift conversion process, by accumulating incident wave energy during the plasma transition period. A theory based on the wave impedance of each Floquet mode of the periodic structure is formulated, incorporating with the collisional damping of the plasma. Such a theory explains the recent experimental observations [Faith, Kuo, and Huang, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1843 (1997)] where the frequency downshifted signals were detected repetitively with considerably enhanced spectral intensities while the frequency upshifted signals were missing.

AB - The interaction of electromagnetic waves with rapidly created time-varying spatially periodic plasmas is studied. The numerical results of the collisionless case show that both frequency upshifted and frequency downshifted waves are generated. Moreover, the frequency downshifted waves are trapped by the plasma when the plasma frequency is larger than the wave frequency. The trapping has the effect of dramatically enhancing the efficiency of the frequency downshift conversion process, by accumulating incident wave energy during the plasma transition period. A theory based on the wave impedance of each Floquet mode of the periodic structure is formulated, incorporating with the collisional damping of the plasma. Such a theory explains the recent experimental observations [Faith, Kuo, and Huang, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1843 (1997)] where the frequency downshifted signals were detected repetitively with considerably enhanced spectral intensities while the frequency upshifted signals were missing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031209609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031209609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031209609

VL - 56

SP - 2143

EP - 2150

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

SN - 1063-651X

IS - 2

ER -