Intensity of grandparent caregiving and life satisfaction among rural Chinese older adults: A longitudinal study using latent difference score analysis

Ling Xu, Bei Wu, Iris Chi, Hsin Yi Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study examined how life satisfaction and grandparent caregiving intensity changed over time among rural Chinese older adults, and whether there was a leading predictor between grandparent caregiving intensity and life satisfaction. Using 4 waves of data from the Well-being of Elderly in Anhui Province of China (N = 1704), we applied latent difference score analysis to explore this relationship. Results indicated that grandparent caregiving intensity decreased and life satisfaction increased over time. There was a lagged effect between grandparent caregiving intensity and life satisfaction, and life satisfaction demonstrated a leading prediction role between these 2 variables. This study confirmed the potentially rewarding aspect of grandparent caregiving, which may lead to greater life satisfaction. The results also revealed that psychological well-being among grandparents is very important for performing activities, such as caregiving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalFamily and Community Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012



  • Chinese
  • grandparent caregiving intensity
  • latent difference score analysis
  • life satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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