Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods

Comparing HIV-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users in Puerto Rico and New York

S. Deren, D. Oliver-Velezl, A. Finlinson, R. Robles, J. Andia, H. M. Colón, S. Y. Kang, M. Shedlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A dual site project was conducted to assess determinants of injection and sex-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users. The project focused on injection drug users and crack smokers, and was conducted in East Harlem, NY and Bayamón, PR in 1996-2000. Qualitative methods included ethnographic mapping, focus groups, in-depth interviews, and observations. A survey component (East Harlem, n = 800; Bayamón, n = 400) was also conducted. Procedures to ensure integration of methodologies and comparability of data were developed. This paper describes the qualitative and survey methods used, and presents the comparative HIV risk behaviors. The integration of the two methodologies served multiple functions: each component identified issues to be addressed in the other, enhanced cross-site comparability of data, and assisted in interpretation of findings. The survey data showed high levels of risk behaviors in both communities, with significantly higher levels of risk reported in Bayamón. Conducting studies of similar ethnic groups in different communities provides opportunities to examine diverse sources of influence on risk behaviors. The integration of qualitative and quantitative methods can enhance comparability and understanding of findings, particularly when there are differences in behaviors between communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Puerto Rico
Risk-Taking
Drug Users
quantitative method
Hispanic Americans
risk behavior
qualitative method
HIV
drug
community
Injections
methodology
Focus Groups
Ethnic Groups
ethnic group
Interviews
determinants
interpretation
interview
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Crack users
  • Injection drug users (IDUs)
  • Puerto Rican drug users
  • Qualitative and quantitative methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods : Comparing HIV-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users in Puerto Rico and New York. / Deren, S.; Oliver-Velezl, D.; Finlinson, A.; Robles, R.; Andia, J.; Colón, H. M.; Kang, S. Y.; Shedlin, M.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2003, p. 1-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deren, S. ; Oliver-Velezl, D. ; Finlinson, A. ; Robles, R. ; Andia, J. ; Colón, H. M. ; Kang, S. Y. ; Shedlin, M. / Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods : Comparing HIV-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users in Puerto Rico and New York. In: Substance Use and Misuse. 2003 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 1-24.
@article{fcfab84a890e4127b18eac8694f52b8e,
title = "Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods: Comparing HIV-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users in Puerto Rico and New York",
abstract = "A dual site project was conducted to assess determinants of injection and sex-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users. The project focused on injection drug users and crack smokers, and was conducted in East Harlem, NY and Bayam{\'o}n, PR in 1996-2000. Qualitative methods included ethnographic mapping, focus groups, in-depth interviews, and observations. A survey component (East Harlem, n = 800; Bayam{\'o}n, n = 400) was also conducted. Procedures to ensure integration of methodologies and comparability of data were developed. This paper describes the qualitative and survey methods used, and presents the comparative HIV risk behaviors. The integration of the two methodologies served multiple functions: each component identified issues to be addressed in the other, enhanced cross-site comparability of data, and assisted in interpretation of findings. The survey data showed high levels of risk behaviors in both communities, with significantly higher levels of risk reported in Bayam{\'o}n. Conducting studies of similar ethnic groups in different communities provides opportunities to examine diverse sources of influence on risk behaviors. The integration of qualitative and quantitative methods can enhance comparability and understanding of findings, particularly when there are differences in behaviors between communities.",
keywords = "Crack users, Injection drug users (IDUs), Puerto Rican drug users, Qualitative and quantitative methods",
author = "S. Deren and D. Oliver-Velezl and A. Finlinson and R. Robles and J. Andia and Col{\'o}n, {H. M.} and Kang, {S. Y.} and M. Shedlin",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1081/JA-120016563",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "1--24",
journal = "Substance Use and Misuse",
issn = "1082-6084",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods

T2 - Comparing HIV-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users in Puerto Rico and New York

AU - Deren, S.

AU - Oliver-Velezl, D.

AU - Finlinson, A.

AU - Robles, R.

AU - Andia, J.

AU - Colón, H. M.

AU - Kang, S. Y.

AU - Shedlin, M.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - A dual site project was conducted to assess determinants of injection and sex-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users. The project focused on injection drug users and crack smokers, and was conducted in East Harlem, NY and Bayamón, PR in 1996-2000. Qualitative methods included ethnographic mapping, focus groups, in-depth interviews, and observations. A survey component (East Harlem, n = 800; Bayamón, n = 400) was also conducted. Procedures to ensure integration of methodologies and comparability of data were developed. This paper describes the qualitative and survey methods used, and presents the comparative HIV risk behaviors. The integration of the two methodologies served multiple functions: each component identified issues to be addressed in the other, enhanced cross-site comparability of data, and assisted in interpretation of findings. The survey data showed high levels of risk behaviors in both communities, with significantly higher levels of risk reported in Bayamón. Conducting studies of similar ethnic groups in different communities provides opportunities to examine diverse sources of influence on risk behaviors. The integration of qualitative and quantitative methods can enhance comparability and understanding of findings, particularly when there are differences in behaviors between communities.

AB - A dual site project was conducted to assess determinants of injection and sex-related risk behaviors among Puerto Rican drug users. The project focused on injection drug users and crack smokers, and was conducted in East Harlem, NY and Bayamón, PR in 1996-2000. Qualitative methods included ethnographic mapping, focus groups, in-depth interviews, and observations. A survey component (East Harlem, n = 800; Bayamón, n = 400) was also conducted. Procedures to ensure integration of methodologies and comparability of data were developed. This paper describes the qualitative and survey methods used, and presents the comparative HIV risk behaviors. The integration of the two methodologies served multiple functions: each component identified issues to be addressed in the other, enhanced cross-site comparability of data, and assisted in interpretation of findings. The survey data showed high levels of risk behaviors in both communities, with significantly higher levels of risk reported in Bayamón. Conducting studies of similar ethnic groups in different communities provides opportunities to examine diverse sources of influence on risk behaviors. The integration of qualitative and quantitative methods can enhance comparability and understanding of findings, particularly when there are differences in behaviors between communities.

KW - Crack users

KW - Injection drug users (IDUs)

KW - Puerto Rican drug users

KW - Qualitative and quantitative methods

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037272505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037272505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1081/JA-120016563

DO - 10.1081/JA-120016563

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 1

EP - 24

JO - Substance Use and Misuse

JF - Substance Use and Misuse

SN - 1082-6084

IS - 1

ER -