Integrating memories to guide decisions

Daphna Shohamy, Nathaniel D. Daw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adaptive decisions are guided by past experience. Yet, decisions are often made between alternatives that have not been directly experienced before, requiring the integration of memories across multiple past events. We review emerging findings supporting at least two seemingly distinct mechanisms for how the brain draws on memories in the service of choice. Prospective integration is triggered when a new decision is faced, allowing inferences to be drawn on the spot. A complementary retrospective mechanism integrates existing memories into a network of related experiences before a decision is actually faced. We discuss evidence supporting each of these mechanisms and the implications for understanding the role of memory in decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Fingerprint

Decision Making
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Integrating memories to guide decisions. / Shohamy, Daphna; Daw, Nathaniel D.

In: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 5, 01.10.2015, p. 85-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shohamy, Daphna ; Daw, Nathaniel D. / Integrating memories to guide decisions. In: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 5. pp. 85-90.
@article{cea1743c9b5e45a1a2b101dc88f20a69,
title = "Integrating memories to guide decisions",
abstract = "Adaptive decisions are guided by past experience. Yet, decisions are often made between alternatives that have not been directly experienced before, requiring the integration of memories across multiple past events. We review emerging findings supporting at least two seemingly distinct mechanisms for how the brain draws on memories in the service of choice. Prospective integration is triggered when a new decision is faced, allowing inferences to be drawn on the spot. A complementary retrospective mechanism integrates existing memories into a network of related experiences before a decision is actually faced. We discuss evidence supporting each of these mechanisms and the implications for understanding the role of memory in decision-making.",
author = "Daphna Shohamy and Daw, {Nathaniel D.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.08.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "85--90",
journal = "Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences",
issn = "2352-1546",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrating memories to guide decisions

AU - Shohamy, Daphna

AU - Daw, Nathaniel D.

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - Adaptive decisions are guided by past experience. Yet, decisions are often made between alternatives that have not been directly experienced before, requiring the integration of memories across multiple past events. We review emerging findings supporting at least two seemingly distinct mechanisms for how the brain draws on memories in the service of choice. Prospective integration is triggered when a new decision is faced, allowing inferences to be drawn on the spot. A complementary retrospective mechanism integrates existing memories into a network of related experiences before a decision is actually faced. We discuss evidence supporting each of these mechanisms and the implications for understanding the role of memory in decision-making.

AB - Adaptive decisions are guided by past experience. Yet, decisions are often made between alternatives that have not been directly experienced before, requiring the integration of memories across multiple past events. We review emerging findings supporting at least two seemingly distinct mechanisms for how the brain draws on memories in the service of choice. Prospective integration is triggered when a new decision is faced, allowing inferences to be drawn on the spot. A complementary retrospective mechanism integrates existing memories into a network of related experiences before a decision is actually faced. We discuss evidence supporting each of these mechanisms and the implications for understanding the role of memory in decision-making.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941026115&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84941026115&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.08.010

DO - 10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.08.010

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 85

EP - 90

JO - Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

JF - Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

SN - 2352-1546

ER -