Injury Profile of American Women's Rugby-7s

Richard Ma, Victor Lopez, Meryle G. Weinstein, James L. Chen, Christopher M. Black, Arun T. Gupta, Justin D. Harbst, Christian Victoria, Answorth A. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose The objective of this study is to determine incidence (injuries/1000 playing hours (ph)), severity (days of absence), and cause of match injuries in US women's Rugby-7s. Methods We performed a prospective epidemiological study (2010-2013) of injury of 3876 under-19 to elite/national female Rugby-7s players (nonelite = 3324, elite = 552) on 323 teams (nonelite = 277, elite = 46), applying methodology and injury definitions compliant with the international consensus statement on rugby research. Injuries occurred in USA Rugby-sanctioned tournament series: USA Rugby Local Area (2010), Territorial Union (2011-2013), National and All-Star Sevens Series, and USA Sevens Invitational (2011-2012) and Collegiate Rugby Championships (2012). Results One hundred and twenty time-loss injuries were encountered (elite, n = 15; 13%) with an injury rate of 46.3 injuries/1000 ph. Injury rates in nonelite were 49.3/1000 ph, and in national level (elite) candidates, 32.6/1000 ph (RR = 1.5, P = 0.130). Mean days missed found elite level players at 74.9 d per injury, whereas nonelite at 41.8 d (P = 0.090). Acute injuries were significant (95%, RR = 1.9, P < 0.001), resulting in immediate removal from the pitch (56%, P < 0.001). The main mechanism of injury occurred when tackling players (73%, P < 0.001). The most common type of injury seen were ligament sprains (37%, 13.9/1000 ph), involving the lower extremity (45%, 20.5/1000 ph). The most common body parts injured were the knee and head/face (16%, 7.3/1000 ph). Conclusions Time-loss injuries occurred with frequency in the US women's Rugby-7s tournaments. Overall injury rates in US women are lower than those in international elite men and women's Rugby-7s. The head and neck area in our female players was injured at greater rates (16%) than in international male Rugby-7s (5%). Injury prevention in US women's Rugby-7s must focus on injuries of the knee, head, and neck. Understanding risk factors will allow safe return-to-play decisions and formulate injury prevention protocols.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-1966
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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Football
Wounds and Injuries
Head
Neck Injuries
Sprains and Strains
Knee Injuries

Keywords

  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • RUGBY SEVENS
  • RUGBY UNION
  • WOMEN SPORTS INJURIES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Ma, R., Lopez, V., Weinstein, M. G., Chen, J. L., Black, C. M., Gupta, A. T., ... Allen, A. A. (2016). Injury Profile of American Women's Rugby-7s. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(10), 1957-1966. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000997

Injury Profile of American Women's Rugby-7s. / Ma, Richard; Lopez, Victor; Weinstein, Meryle G.; Chen, James L.; Black, Christopher M.; Gupta, Arun T.; Harbst, Justin D.; Victoria, Christian; Allen, Answorth A.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 48, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 1957-1966.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ma, R, Lopez, V, Weinstein, MG, Chen, JL, Black, CM, Gupta, AT, Harbst, JD, Victoria, C & Allen, AA 2016, 'Injury Profile of American Women's Rugby-7s', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 1957-1966. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000997
Ma, Richard ; Lopez, Victor ; Weinstein, Meryle G. ; Chen, James L. ; Black, Christopher M. ; Gupta, Arun T. ; Harbst, Justin D. ; Victoria, Christian ; Allen, Answorth A. / Injury Profile of American Women's Rugby-7s. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2016 ; Vol. 48, No. 10. pp. 1957-1966.
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abstract = "Purpose The objective of this study is to determine incidence (injuries/1000 playing hours (ph)), severity (days of absence), and cause of match injuries in US women's Rugby-7s. Methods We performed a prospective epidemiological study (2010-2013) of injury of 3876 under-19 to elite/national female Rugby-7s players (nonelite = 3324, elite = 552) on 323 teams (nonelite = 277, elite = 46), applying methodology and injury definitions compliant with the international consensus statement on rugby research. Injuries occurred in USA Rugby-sanctioned tournament series: USA Rugby Local Area (2010), Territorial Union (2011-2013), National and All-Star Sevens Series, and USA Sevens Invitational (2011-2012) and Collegiate Rugby Championships (2012). Results One hundred and twenty time-loss injuries were encountered (elite, n = 15; 13{\%}) with an injury rate of 46.3 injuries/1000 ph. Injury rates in nonelite were 49.3/1000 ph, and in national level (elite) candidates, 32.6/1000 ph (RR = 1.5, P = 0.130). Mean days missed found elite level players at 74.9 d per injury, whereas nonelite at 41.8 d (P = 0.090). Acute injuries were significant (95{\%}, RR = 1.9, P < 0.001), resulting in immediate removal from the pitch (56{\%}, P < 0.001). The main mechanism of injury occurred when tackling players (73{\%}, P < 0.001). The most common type of injury seen were ligament sprains (37{\%}, 13.9/1000 ph), involving the lower extremity (45{\%}, 20.5/1000 ph). The most common body parts injured were the knee and head/face (16{\%}, 7.3/1000 ph). Conclusions Time-loss injuries occurred with frequency in the US women's Rugby-7s tournaments. Overall injury rates in US women are lower than those in international elite men and women's Rugby-7s. The head and neck area in our female players was injured at greater rates (16{\%}) than in international male Rugby-7s (5{\%}). Injury prevention in US women's Rugby-7s must focus on injuries of the knee, head, and neck. Understanding risk factors will allow safe return-to-play decisions and formulate injury prevention protocols.",
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N2 - Purpose The objective of this study is to determine incidence (injuries/1000 playing hours (ph)), severity (days of absence), and cause of match injuries in US women's Rugby-7s. Methods We performed a prospective epidemiological study (2010-2013) of injury of 3876 under-19 to elite/national female Rugby-7s players (nonelite = 3324, elite = 552) on 323 teams (nonelite = 277, elite = 46), applying methodology and injury definitions compliant with the international consensus statement on rugby research. Injuries occurred in USA Rugby-sanctioned tournament series: USA Rugby Local Area (2010), Territorial Union (2011-2013), National and All-Star Sevens Series, and USA Sevens Invitational (2011-2012) and Collegiate Rugby Championships (2012). Results One hundred and twenty time-loss injuries were encountered (elite, n = 15; 13%) with an injury rate of 46.3 injuries/1000 ph. Injury rates in nonelite were 49.3/1000 ph, and in national level (elite) candidates, 32.6/1000 ph (RR = 1.5, P = 0.130). Mean days missed found elite level players at 74.9 d per injury, whereas nonelite at 41.8 d (P = 0.090). Acute injuries were significant (95%, RR = 1.9, P < 0.001), resulting in immediate removal from the pitch (56%, P < 0.001). The main mechanism of injury occurred when tackling players (73%, P < 0.001). The most common type of injury seen were ligament sprains (37%, 13.9/1000 ph), involving the lower extremity (45%, 20.5/1000 ph). The most common body parts injured were the knee and head/face (16%, 7.3/1000 ph). Conclusions Time-loss injuries occurred with frequency in the US women's Rugby-7s tournaments. Overall injury rates in US women are lower than those in international elite men and women's Rugby-7s. The head and neck area in our female players was injured at greater rates (16%) than in international male Rugby-7s (5%). Injury prevention in US women's Rugby-7s must focus on injuries of the knee, head, and neck. Understanding risk factors will allow safe return-to-play decisions and formulate injury prevention protocols.

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