Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development

J. S. Buchwald, D. Guthrie, J. Schwafel, R. J. Erwin, D. Van Lancker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lack of exposure to specific sensory patterns during critical periods of development can result in a lack of responsiveness to those stimuli in adulthood. The present study extends these observations to native speakers of Japanese, a language which does not contain the contrastive /r/ and /l/ sounds present in English. Both electrophysiological (P3 event-related evoked potential) and behavioral results indicate deficient or absent discrimination of /r/ versus /1/ sounds in Japanese adults compared to native speakers of English. Thus, language structure appears to provide a subtle yet measurable effect on specific aspects of brain development and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-619
Number of pages13
JournalBrain and Language
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Population Groups
brain
Language
P300 Event-Related Potentials
lack
Brain
language
Evoked Potentials
adulthood
stimulus
discrimination
event
Native Speaker
Sound
Language Structure
Critical Period (Psychology)
Discrimination (Psychology)
Contrastive
Discrimination
Responsiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Buchwald, J. S., Guthrie, D., Schwafel, J., Erwin, R. J., & Van Lancker, D. (1994). Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development. Brain and Language, 46(4), 607-619. https://doi.org/10.1006/brln.1994.1033

Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development. / Buchwald, J. S.; Guthrie, D.; Schwafel, J.; Erwin, R. J.; Van Lancker, D.

In: Brain and Language, Vol. 46, No. 4, 1994, p. 607-619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buchwald, JS, Guthrie, D, Schwafel, J, Erwin, RJ & Van Lancker, D 1994, 'Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development', Brain and Language, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 607-619. https://doi.org/10.1006/brln.1994.1033
Buchwald JS, Guthrie D, Schwafel J, Erwin RJ, Van Lancker D. Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development. Brain and Language. 1994;46(4):607-619. https://doi.org/10.1006/brln.1994.1033
Buchwald, J. S. ; Guthrie, D. ; Schwafel, J. ; Erwin, R. J. ; Van Lancker, D. / Influence of language structure on brain-behavior development. In: Brain and Language. 1994 ; Vol. 46, No. 4. pp. 607-619.
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