Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches

John Burt, Radhouane Ben-Hamadou, Mohamed A.R. Abdel-Moati, Lucia Fanning, Simeon Kaitibie, Fahad Al-Jamali, Pedro Range, Suhur Saeed, Christopher S. Warren

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    The coastline of Qatar is a rich mosaic of productive and diverse ecosystems including mangrove forests, intertidal mudflats (sabkha), seagrass beds, and coral reefs. These ecologically interconnected ecosystems contain a substantial proportion of Qatar's total biodiversity, and support an estimated 97% of the >US$ 67 million in annual commercial fisheries, the highest value resource sector after petroleum. The extreme environmental conditions that characterize Qatar has led to fauna that are robust compared with other regions, but makes them highly sensitive to further pressure from anthropogenic stress. These vulnerable ecosystems have come under increasing pressure in recent decades as a result of dramatic expansion of coastal development, and threats to these ecosystems are likely to accelerate in the coming years as Qatar's economy and population continue to grow. Although environmental regulation had historically lagged behind the rapid pace of development, in recent years Qatar's leadership has aggressively expanded environmental management as a result of the growing awareness of the importance of coastal ecosystems. While these improvements are encouraging, management remains challenged by its current sectorial, project-driven focus. Ecosystem-based management (EBM) offers an opportunity to overcome these challenges by integrating impacts from across all major activities in multiple sectors and considering their cumulative effects on ecosystem services and products. While an EBM approach would require modest reprioritizing of existing processes and attention to addressing deficiencies in data needed to support decision making, it has the potential to greatly enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of coastal zone management. The article closes by summarizing a recently initiated research project on coral reefs and seagrass beds in Qatar which can serve as a model for development of the EBM approach for other coastal ecosystems in Qatar.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)171-181
    Number of pages11
    JournalOcean and Coastal Management
    Volume148
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Qatar
    coastal development
    ecosystem management
    ecosystem
    ecosystems
    seagrass
    coral reefs
    coral reef
    sabkha
    environmental law
    mangrove forests
    leadership
    environmental management
    coastal zone management
    mudflat
    research projects
    petroleum
    ecosystem service
    ecosystem services
    mangrove

    Keywords

    • Arabian Gulf
    • Coastal development
    • EBM
    • Ecosystem
    • Integrated management

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oceanography
    • Aquatic Science
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

    Cite this

    Burt, J., Ben-Hamadou, R., Abdel-Moati, M. A. R., Fanning, L., Kaitibie, S., Al-Jamali, F., ... Warren, C. S. (2017). Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches. Ocean and Coastal Management, 148, 171-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.08.006

    Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches. / Burt, John; Ben-Hamadou, Radhouane; Abdel-Moati, Mohamed A.R.; Fanning, Lucia; Kaitibie, Simeon; Al-Jamali, Fahad; Range, Pedro; Saeed, Suhur; Warren, Christopher S.

    In: Ocean and Coastal Management, Vol. 148, 01.11.2017, p. 171-181.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Burt, J, Ben-Hamadou, R, Abdel-Moati, MAR, Fanning, L, Kaitibie, S, Al-Jamali, F, Range, P, Saeed, S & Warren, CS 2017, 'Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches', Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 148, pp. 171-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.08.006
    Burt, John ; Ben-Hamadou, Radhouane ; Abdel-Moati, Mohamed A.R. ; Fanning, Lucia ; Kaitibie, Simeon ; Al-Jamali, Fahad ; Range, Pedro ; Saeed, Suhur ; Warren, Christopher S. / Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches. In: Ocean and Coastal Management. 2017 ; Vol. 148. pp. 171-181.
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