Implementing work requirements in Wisconsin

Lawrence Mead

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    When Western counties seek to reform welfare so that recipients have to work in return for aid, this poses implementation as well as policy problems. This study of work requirements in Wisconsin illustrates the challenges. It also confirms success of a top-down model of implementation. Wisconsin's welfare work programs had little impact on dependency through the mid 1980s because work was not a priority and work programs were underdeveloped. From 1985-6, however, the state increased funding and built up the employment bureaucracy. It required that more recipients participate in work programs, enter jobs rather than education, and avoid welfare if possible. It attuned the bureaucracy to its goals through funding incentives. These measures along with strong economic conditions then drove the welfare rolls down, with largely good effects. Wisconsin's achievement rested on its good-government traditions. Not all regimes have the same capacity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)239-264
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of Public Policy
    Volume21
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2001

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    bureaucracy
    welfare
    welfare reform
    economic conditions
    recipient
    funding
    aid
    incentive
    education
    programme
    regime
    reform
    economics
    county
    effect
    policy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development

    Cite this

    Implementing work requirements in Wisconsin. / Mead, Lawrence.

    In: Journal of Public Policy, Vol. 21, No. 3, 09.2001, p. 239-264.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Mead, Lawrence. / Implementing work requirements in Wisconsin. In: Journal of Public Policy. 2001 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 239-264.
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