Implementation intentions and efficient action initiation

Veronika Brandstätter, Angelika Lengfelder, Peter M. Gollwitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Implementation intentions ("If I encounter Situation X, then I'll perform Behavior Y!") are postulated to instigate automatic action initiation (P. M. Gollwitzer, 1993, 1999). In 4 studies, the hypothesis was tested that implementation intentions lead to immediate action initiation once the specified situation is encountered, even under conditions of high cognitive load. First, individuals whose action control is known to be hampered by disruptive cognitive business, such as opiate addicts under withdrawal (Study 1) and schizophrenic patients (Study 2), benefited from forming implementation intentions. Second, the beneficial effect of implementation intentions was also found in 2 experiments with university students (Studies 3 and 4) in which cognitive load was experimentally induced by using dual task paradigms. Results of the 4 studies suggest that forming implementation intentions instigates immediate action initiation that is also efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)946-960
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001

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Opiate Alkaloids
addiction
withdrawal
Students
paradigm
university
experiment
student

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Implementation intentions and efficient action initiation. / Brandstätter, Veronika; Lengfelder, Angelika; Gollwitzer, Peter M.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 5, 11.2001, p. 946-960.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brandstätter, Veronika ; Lengfelder, Angelika ; Gollwitzer, Peter M. / Implementation intentions and efficient action initiation. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2001 ; Vol. 81, No. 5. pp. 946-960.
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