Implementation intentions: A look back at fifteen years of progress

Inge Schweiger Gallo, Peter Gollwitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Implementation intentions are if-then plans that spell out when, where, and how a set goal has to be put into action: «If situation x is encountered, then I will perform behavior y!», thereby linking a critical situation with a goal-directed behavior. Over the last fifteen years, implementation intentions, as compared to simple goal intentions («I intend to reach z!»), have demonstrated their effectiveness as self-regulation strategies in promoting desired behaviors or when unpleasant actions have to be carried out. By forming implementation intentions, the control of unwanted influences (e.g., temptations, bad habits, adverse self-states) on an ongoing goal pursuit can also be facilitated. Furthermore, implementation intentions have been shown to ease goal-directed actions in critical populations such as patients with a frontal brain lesion, schizophrenic patients, and opiate addicts in withdrawal, for whom the initiation problems of the goaldirected action are more accentuated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalPsicothema
Volume19
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Implementation intentions : A look back at fifteen years of progress. / Gallo, Inge Schweiger; Gollwitzer, Peter.

In: Psicothema, Vol. 19, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 37-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gallo, Inge Schweiger ; Gollwitzer, Peter. / Implementation intentions : A look back at fifteen years of progress. In: Psicothema. 2007 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 37-42.
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