Impedance spectroscopy of reactive polymers. 2. Multifunctional epoxy/amine formulations

Francesco Bellucci, Maio Valentino, Tullio Monetta, Luigi Nicodemo, Jose Kenny, Luigi Nicolais, Jovan Mijovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dielectric measurements were utilized to follow the advancement of cure in a bifunctional and a tetrafunctional epoxy/amine formulation. In deferance to earlier dielectric studies of cure, complex impedance was measured and used to calculate ionic resistivity. By using complex impedance we were able to separate, according to their frequency dependence, the contributions to overall polarization from electrode blocking layers, mobile charge carriers, and dipole relaxations. At any stage of cure, there is a unique frequency at which ionic resistivity can be singularly measured. Our approach does not involve trial‐and‐error frequency search, it measures dielectric response in real time, and is conducive to the development of phenomenological models based on equivalent circuits. Values of ionic resistivity measured at different cure time and temperature were used to quantify the progress of cure. Excellent agreement was reported between the calculated values of normalized degree of cure obtained by dielectric and calorimetric measurements. It was suggested that apart from the extrinsic conductivity by ionic impurities, an intrinsic mechanism which involves the reactive molecules contributes to the overall ionic conductivity. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Functional polymers
Amines
amines
Spectroscopy
impedance
formulations
polymers
spectroscopy
electrical resistivity
Ionic conductivity
Charge carriers
Equivalent circuits
Impurities
Polarization
equivalent circuits
ion currents
Electrodes
Molecules
charge carriers
dipoles

Keywords

  • cure
  • dielectric
  • impedance
  • monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Impedance spectroscopy of reactive polymers. 2. Multifunctional epoxy/amine formulations. / Bellucci, Francesco; Valentino, Maio; Monetta, Tullio; Nicodemo, Luigi; Kenny, Jose; Nicolais, Luigi; Mijovic, Jovan.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 33, No. 3, 1995, p. 433-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bellucci, Francesco ; Valentino, Maio ; Monetta, Tullio ; Nicodemo, Luigi ; Kenny, Jose ; Nicolais, Luigi ; Mijovic, Jovan. / Impedance spectroscopy of reactive polymers. 2. Multifunctional epoxy/amine formulations. In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 1995 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 433-443.
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