Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes

Dana Charles McCoy, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest, Greg J. Duncan, Holly S. Schindler, Katherine Magnuson, Rui Yang, Andrew Koepp, Jack P. Shonkoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite calls to expand early childhood education (ECE) in the United States, questions remain regarding its medium- and long-term impacts on educational outcomes. We use meta-analysis of 22 high-quality experimental and quasi-experimental studies conducted between 1960 and 2016 to find that on average, participation in ECE leads to statistically significant reductions in special education placement (d = 0.33 SD, 8.1 percentage points) and grade retention (d = 0.26 SD, 8.3 percentage points) and increases in high school graduation rates (d = 0.24 SD, 11.4 percentage points). These results support ECE’s utility for reducing education-related expenditures and promoting child well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-487
Number of pages14
JournalEducational Researcher
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

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childhood
school graduation
education
child well-being
special education
expenditures
participation

Keywords

  • early childhood education
  • grade retention
  • high school graduation
  • meta-analysis
  • preschool
  • special education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

McCoy, D. C., Yoshikawa, H., Ziol-Guest, K. M., Duncan, G. J., Schindler, H. S., Magnuson, K., ... Shonkoff, J. P. (2017). Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes. Educational Researcher, 46(8), 474-487. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X17737739

Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes. / McCoy, Dana Charles; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; Duncan, Greg J.; Schindler, Holly S.; Magnuson, Katherine; Yang, Rui; Koepp, Andrew; Shonkoff, Jack P.

In: Educational Researcher, Vol. 46, No. 8, 01.11.2017, p. 474-487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCoy, DC, Yoshikawa, H, Ziol-Guest, KM, Duncan, GJ, Schindler, HS, Magnuson, K, Yang, R, Koepp, A & Shonkoff, JP 2017, 'Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes', Educational Researcher, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 474-487. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X17737739
McCoy, Dana Charles ; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu ; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M. ; Duncan, Greg J. ; Schindler, Holly S. ; Magnuson, Katherine ; Yang, Rui ; Koepp, Andrew ; Shonkoff, Jack P. / Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes. In: Educational Researcher. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 8. pp. 474-487.
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