Impact of tobacco control policy on quitting and nicotine dependence among women in five European countries

Jane A. Allen, Ellen R. Gritz, Haijun Xiao, Rebecca Rubenstein, Eva Kralikova, Margaretha Haglund, Julia Heck, Raymond Niaura, Donna M. Vallone, Mia Hashibe, Carolyn Dresler, Shane Allwright, Sara Sanchez Bengtsson, Isabelle Stucker, Elizabeth Tamang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To describe differences in and factors associated with former smoking and nicotine dependence among women in Ireland, Sweden, France, Italy and the Czech Republic. Methods: A cross-sectional, random digit dial telephone survey of 5000 women, aged 18 years and older, conducted in 2008. Analyses were conducted using logistic regression models. Results: Respondents from Ireland and Sweden had statistically significantly higher odds of having quit smoking within the 5 years before survey administration compared with respondents from the Czech Republic. Current smokers from Ireland, Sweden, France and Italy are more nicotine dependent than those from the Czech Republic. Conclusions: Respondents from countries with stronger tobacco control policies were more likely to have quit smoking compared with those living in the Czech Republic. However, respondents in countries with some of the strongest policies (Ireland, Sweden, France and Italy) had higher odds of smoking within 30 min of waking, an established indicator of nicotine dependence. More research in this area is warranted, but this study suggests that now that the Czech Republic is beginning to implement strong tobacco control policy, they will probably achieve a rapid decline in population-level smoking. Ireland, Sweden, France, Italy and other countries with established, strong tobacco control policies would do well to consider what additional programmes they can put in place to help their highly nicotine-dependent population of smokers successfully quit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-177
Number of pages5
JournalTobacco Control
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Disorder
Czech Republic
nicotine
Tobacco
Ireland
Sweden
Smoking
smoking
Italy
France
Nicotine
Logistic Models
demographic situation
Telephone
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires
telephone
logistics
regression
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Allen, J. A., Gritz, E. R., Xiao, H., Rubenstein, R., Kralikova, E., Haglund, M., ... Tamang, E. (2014). Impact of tobacco control policy on quitting and nicotine dependence among women in five European countries. Tobacco Control, 23(2), 173-177. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050391

Impact of tobacco control policy on quitting and nicotine dependence among women in five European countries. / Allen, Jane A.; Gritz, Ellen R.; Xiao, Haijun; Rubenstein, Rebecca; Kralikova, Eva; Haglund, Margaretha; Heck, Julia; Niaura, Raymond; Vallone, Donna M.; Hashibe, Mia; Dresler, Carolyn; Allwright, Shane; Bengtsson, Sara Sanchez; Stucker, Isabelle; Tamang, Elizabeth.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 23, No. 2, 03.2014, p. 173-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allen, JA, Gritz, ER, Xiao, H, Rubenstein, R, Kralikova, E, Haglund, M, Heck, J, Niaura, R, Vallone, DM, Hashibe, M, Dresler, C, Allwright, S, Bengtsson, SS, Stucker, I & Tamang, E 2014, 'Impact of tobacco control policy on quitting and nicotine dependence among women in five European countries', Tobacco Control, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 173-177. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050391
Allen, Jane A. ; Gritz, Ellen R. ; Xiao, Haijun ; Rubenstein, Rebecca ; Kralikova, Eva ; Haglund, Margaretha ; Heck, Julia ; Niaura, Raymond ; Vallone, Donna M. ; Hashibe, Mia ; Dresler, Carolyn ; Allwright, Shane ; Bengtsson, Sara Sanchez ; Stucker, Isabelle ; Tamang, Elizabeth. / Impact of tobacco control policy on quitting and nicotine dependence among women in five European countries. In: Tobacco Control. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 173-177.
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