Impact of parent-child communication interventions on sex behaviors and cognitive outcomes for black/african-american and hispanic/latino youth: A systematic review, 1988-2012

Madeline Y. Sutton, Sarah M. Lasswell, Yzette Lanier, Kim S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose We reviewed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI)- behavioral interventions implemented with disproportionately affected black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino youth and designed to improve parent-child communications about sex. We compared their effectiveness in improving sex-related behavior or cognitive outcomes. Methods A search of electronic databases identified peer-reviewed studies published between 1988 and 2012. Eligible studies were U.S.-based parent-child communication interventions with active parent components, experimental and quasiexperimental designs, measurement of youth sexual health outcomes, and enrollment of ≥50% black/African-American or Hispanic/Latino youth. We conducted systematic, primary reviews of eligible papers to abstract data on study characteristics and youth outcomes. Results Fifteen studies evaluating 14 interventions were eligible. Although youth outcome measures and follow-up times varied, 13 of 15 studies (87%) showed at least one significantly improved youth sexual health outcome compared with controls (p <.05). Common components of effective interventions included joint parent and child session attendance, promotion of parent/family involvement, sexuality education for parents, developmental and/or cultural tailoring, and opportunities for parents to practice new communication skills with their youth. Conclusions Parent-child communication interventions that include parents of youth disproportionately affected by HIV/STIs can effectively reduce sexual risk for youth. These interventions may help reduce HIV/STI-related health disparities and improve sexual health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-384
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
African Americans
Communication
Reproductive Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Parents
HIV
Sexuality
Research Design
Joints
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Education
Health

Keywords

  • Black/African-American
  • Disparities
  • Hispanic/Latino
  • Parent-child communication
  • Sex outcomes
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Impact of parent-child communication interventions on sex behaviors and cognitive outcomes for black/african-american and hispanic/latino youth : A systematic review, 1988-2012. / Sutton, Madeline Y.; Lasswell, Sarah M.; Lanier, Yzette; Miller, Kim S.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2014, p. 369-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fa8a353416124c3fae489521b10ea5c8,
title = "Impact of parent-child communication interventions on sex behaviors and cognitive outcomes for black/african-american and hispanic/latino youth: A systematic review, 1988-2012",
abstract = "Purpose We reviewed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI)- behavioral interventions implemented with disproportionately affected black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino youth and designed to improve parent-child communications about sex. We compared their effectiveness in improving sex-related behavior or cognitive outcomes. Methods A search of electronic databases identified peer-reviewed studies published between 1988 and 2012. Eligible studies were U.S.-based parent-child communication interventions with active parent components, experimental and quasiexperimental designs, measurement of youth sexual health outcomes, and enrollment of ≥50{\%} black/African-American or Hispanic/Latino youth. We conducted systematic, primary reviews of eligible papers to abstract data on study characteristics and youth outcomes. Results Fifteen studies evaluating 14 interventions were eligible. Although youth outcome measures and follow-up times varied, 13 of 15 studies (87{\%}) showed at least one significantly improved youth sexual health outcome compared with controls (p <.05). Common components of effective interventions included joint parent and child session attendance, promotion of parent/family involvement, sexuality education for parents, developmental and/or cultural tailoring, and opportunities for parents to practice new communication skills with their youth. Conclusions Parent-child communication interventions that include parents of youth disproportionately affected by HIV/STIs can effectively reduce sexual risk for youth. These interventions may help reduce HIV/STI-related health disparities and improve sexual health outcomes.",
keywords = "Black/African-American, Disparities, Hispanic/Latino, Parent-child communication, Sex outcomes, Youth",
author = "Sutton, {Madeline Y.} and Lasswell, {Sarah M.} and Yzette Lanier and Miller, {Kim S.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "369--384",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of parent-child communication interventions on sex behaviors and cognitive outcomes for black/african-american and hispanic/latino youth

T2 - A systematic review, 1988-2012

AU - Sutton, Madeline Y.

AU - Lasswell, Sarah M.

AU - Lanier, Yzette

AU - Miller, Kim S.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose We reviewed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI)- behavioral interventions implemented with disproportionately affected black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino youth and designed to improve parent-child communications about sex. We compared their effectiveness in improving sex-related behavior or cognitive outcomes. Methods A search of electronic databases identified peer-reviewed studies published between 1988 and 2012. Eligible studies were U.S.-based parent-child communication interventions with active parent components, experimental and quasiexperimental designs, measurement of youth sexual health outcomes, and enrollment of ≥50% black/African-American or Hispanic/Latino youth. We conducted systematic, primary reviews of eligible papers to abstract data on study characteristics and youth outcomes. Results Fifteen studies evaluating 14 interventions were eligible. Although youth outcome measures and follow-up times varied, 13 of 15 studies (87%) showed at least one significantly improved youth sexual health outcome compared with controls (p <.05). Common components of effective interventions included joint parent and child session attendance, promotion of parent/family involvement, sexuality education for parents, developmental and/or cultural tailoring, and opportunities for parents to practice new communication skills with their youth. Conclusions Parent-child communication interventions that include parents of youth disproportionately affected by HIV/STIs can effectively reduce sexual risk for youth. These interventions may help reduce HIV/STI-related health disparities and improve sexual health outcomes.

AB - Purpose We reviewed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI)- behavioral interventions implemented with disproportionately affected black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino youth and designed to improve parent-child communications about sex. We compared their effectiveness in improving sex-related behavior or cognitive outcomes. Methods A search of electronic databases identified peer-reviewed studies published between 1988 and 2012. Eligible studies were U.S.-based parent-child communication interventions with active parent components, experimental and quasiexperimental designs, measurement of youth sexual health outcomes, and enrollment of ≥50% black/African-American or Hispanic/Latino youth. We conducted systematic, primary reviews of eligible papers to abstract data on study characteristics and youth outcomes. Results Fifteen studies evaluating 14 interventions were eligible. Although youth outcome measures and follow-up times varied, 13 of 15 studies (87%) showed at least one significantly improved youth sexual health outcome compared with controls (p <.05). Common components of effective interventions included joint parent and child session attendance, promotion of parent/family involvement, sexuality education for parents, developmental and/or cultural tailoring, and opportunities for parents to practice new communication skills with their youth. Conclusions Parent-child communication interventions that include parents of youth disproportionately affected by HIV/STIs can effectively reduce sexual risk for youth. These interventions may help reduce HIV/STI-related health disparities and improve sexual health outcomes.

KW - Black/African-American

KW - Disparities

KW - Hispanic/Latino

KW - Parent-child communication

KW - Sex outcomes

KW - Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896491106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896491106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.004

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 369

EP - 384

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 4

ER -