Images of violence in Thematic Apperception Test stories

Susan Pollak, Carol Gilligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

TAT stories written by 88 male and 50 female undergraduates were coded for the presence or absence of violent imagery and for the context in which the violence occurred. Results confirm previous findings of a greater incidence of violence in males' fantasy stories (M. S. Horner, see record 1973-09174-001) but extend these findings to show a sex difference in the distribution as well--violence in males' stories was more frequent in response to situations of affiliation, whereas violence in females' stories appeared more often in response to situations of achievement. Interpreting fantasies of violence as indicative of the perception of danger, it is suggested that males and females perceived danger in different contexts and construed danger in different ways. This study offers a new understanding of Horner's research and points to the relationship between impulsive expression and social perception, suggesting that the differences in aggression in males and females may be due to whether they perceive relationships as dangerous or safe. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-167
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1982

Fingerprint

Thematic Apperception Test
projective test
Violence
violence
Fantasy
Social Perception
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
social cognition
Aggression
Sex Characteristics
aggression
incidence
Incidence
Research

Keywords

  • perceptions of danger, college students
  • sex &
  • TAT, violent imagery &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Images of violence in Thematic Apperception Test stories. / Pollak, Susan; Gilligan, Carol.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.1982, p. 159-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3a6148588c814138abb6b7498c73fd6c,
title = "Images of violence in Thematic Apperception Test stories",
abstract = "TAT stories written by 88 male and 50 female undergraduates were coded for the presence or absence of violent imagery and for the context in which the violence occurred. Results confirm previous findings of a greater incidence of violence in males' fantasy stories (M. S. Horner, see record 1973-09174-001) but extend these findings to show a sex difference in the distribution as well--violence in males' stories was more frequent in response to situations of affiliation, whereas violence in females' stories appeared more often in response to situations of achievement. Interpreting fantasies of violence as indicative of the perception of danger, it is suggested that males and females perceived danger in different contexts and construed danger in different ways. This study offers a new understanding of Horner's research and points to the relationship between impulsive expression and social perception, suggesting that the differences in aggression in males and females may be due to whether they perceive relationships as dangerous or safe. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "perceptions of danger, college students, sex &, TAT, violent imagery &",
author = "Susan Pollak and Carol Gilligan",
year = "1982",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1037//0022-3514.42.1.159",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "159--167",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Images of violence in Thematic Apperception Test stories

AU - Pollak, Susan

AU - Gilligan, Carol

PY - 1982/1

Y1 - 1982/1

N2 - TAT stories written by 88 male and 50 female undergraduates were coded for the presence or absence of violent imagery and for the context in which the violence occurred. Results confirm previous findings of a greater incidence of violence in males' fantasy stories (M. S. Horner, see record 1973-09174-001) but extend these findings to show a sex difference in the distribution as well--violence in males' stories was more frequent in response to situations of affiliation, whereas violence in females' stories appeared more often in response to situations of achievement. Interpreting fantasies of violence as indicative of the perception of danger, it is suggested that males and females perceived danger in different contexts and construed danger in different ways. This study offers a new understanding of Horner's research and points to the relationship between impulsive expression and social perception, suggesting that the differences in aggression in males and females may be due to whether they perceive relationships as dangerous or safe. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - TAT stories written by 88 male and 50 female undergraduates were coded for the presence or absence of violent imagery and for the context in which the violence occurred. Results confirm previous findings of a greater incidence of violence in males' fantasy stories (M. S. Horner, see record 1973-09174-001) but extend these findings to show a sex difference in the distribution as well--violence in males' stories was more frequent in response to situations of affiliation, whereas violence in females' stories appeared more often in response to situations of achievement. Interpreting fantasies of violence as indicative of the perception of danger, it is suggested that males and females perceived danger in different contexts and construed danger in different ways. This study offers a new understanding of Horner's research and points to the relationship between impulsive expression and social perception, suggesting that the differences in aggression in males and females may be due to whether they perceive relationships as dangerous or safe. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - perceptions of danger, college students

KW - sex &

KW - TAT, violent imagery &

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020014084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020014084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037//0022-3514.42.1.159

DO - 10.1037//0022-3514.42.1.159

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 159

EP - 167

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 1

ER -